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Questions tagged [signal-processing]

Digital signal processing of sound, video or other single or multidimensional data

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42
votes
4answers
6k views

Implementing continuous phase/Arg function

In MATLAB there's a function called phase that is just like our Listable friend Arg, but ...
34
votes
3answers
5k views

Remove noise from data

Hi, as you can see above I have some experimental data which has a large offset and shows clear noise fluctations around the tendency of the curve. I wanted to ask if someone could suggest me a method ...
31
votes
3answers
13k views

What's the correct way to shift zero frequency to the center of a Fourier Transform?

I'm trying to apply a Fourier transform of a one dimensional list of a time history of some quantity using the Fourier function. I'm interested in the frequency ...
30
votes
4answers
2k views

Filtering beat-to-beat heart rate data

From an experiment, I have a dataset of beat-to-beat heart rate data: a list of the time between each heart beat in [ms]. The data is measured using an infrared optic sensor at the finger tip. The ...
27
votes
4answers
10k views

Implementing discrete and continuous Hilbert transforms

What is an efficient and accurate Mathematica implementation of the Hilbert transform, for both continuous and especially discretely sampled functions? This transform relates phase and amplitude in ...
27
votes
4answers
973 views

How fast is my fidget spinner spinning? A sound experiment!

I would like to measure how fast my 6-bladed fidget spinner spins. To do so, after giving it a hard spin, I gently touch the spinner with a wooden stirring stick to create a buzzing sound which ...
26
votes
4answers
7k views

Computing and plotting a spectrogram in Mathematica

How can I compute and plot the spectrogram of a signal/time series/data in Mathematica? I have a WAV file, sampled at 44100 samples/second and I want to generate a spectrogram of that data. Something ...
26
votes
7answers
1k views

Graphical representation of a moving sound source

Some explanation since I have got a specific and another more open-ended question: I used two microphones in a 90° arrangement (see picture below) to capture sound from a source moving around the room ...
24
votes
3answers
8k views

How do you remove noise to detect just the human voice?

How do you detect different sound frequencies and cut off parts in an audio file? Among instruments, how do you pick up the human voice?
24
votes
4answers
5k views

Savitzky-Golay Filter to smooth noisy data

I do have noisy data and want to smooth them by a Savitzky-Golay filter because I want to keep the magnitude of the signal. a) Is there a ready-to-use Filter available for that? b) what are ...
23
votes
5answers
10k views

Numerical Fourier transform of a complicated function

Say I have a function $f(x)$ that is given explicitly in its functional form, and I want to find its Fourier transform[1]. If $f$ is too complicated to have an analytic expression for $\hat f(k)$, how ...
22
votes
5answers
14k views

How to find the phase difference of two sampled sine waves?

I'm trying to measure a phase difference between two Sine functions I've acquired with a computer. I'm uploading one of the .txt files with the data I'm working with here: txt file. To remove the ...
22
votes
6answers
19k views

How do you find the frequency and amplitude from Fourier?

Edit This is a popular question with several answers. This edit organises the answers and gives links. Fourier just gives y values (ordinates) if you wish to read off frequencies and amplitudes you ...
22
votes
3answers
7k views

Can one find the beat of a tune with Fourier analysis?

I'm trying to find out if it's possible to find the beat of a tune by Fourier analysis with Mathematica. I'm taking a 44.1 kHz sample sound and hoping that I might get a nice peak for a frequency ...
20
votes
4answers
16k views

Plotting Fourier spectrum versus frequency of a signal

I have looked around here, and i am sure this has been answered, but i don't understand it. The thing is, I have taken a introductory signal processing course, and we had to use Mathematica, and i had ...
20
votes
1answer
4k views

Extracting information from the result of ContinuousWaveletTransform

I'm trying to analysis a signal and identify some time-frequency information of it. For example, around which time the specific frequency arrives. It appears that Mathematica has very powerful wavelet ...
19
votes
1answer
4k views

How to demodulate an FM signal in continuous-time?

I'm not sure if this is a math or Mathematica question, but I'm posting it here because I'm interested in possible Mathematica tools/functions to solve the problem. I'm stuck. I want to simulate ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Why the BandpassFilter is different than applying LowpassFilter then HighpassFilter

If I generate some data with noise, and use a filter to filter the noise, why does BandpassFilter not produce the same results as using ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Cross-Correlation with TimeSeries

How to find hidden relationship between two TimeSeries data sets? I normally compute the Cross-Correlation function, but I cannot find an easy way of doing this on the TimeSeries objects in ...
16
votes
2answers
608 views

Cluster a signal into areas of equal intensity

Introduction I have a greyscale photograph that I want to partition into areas of equal intensity. This means, that the integral over each partition should be (roughly) equal. There is no unique ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What is Mathematica's equivalent to MATLAB's filter function?

The MATLAB code filter(0.5,[1, -0.5], [1:10]) is equivalent to Rest@FoldList[(#1 + #2)/2. &, 0, Range[10]] I don't ...
15
votes
3answers
427 views

Deleting noisy data from a plot (manually) and export the best remaining data

I have the following temperature time-series. As you can see it contains very very noisy points in some periods (Fig.A). I tried to approach the best data(the black one in the center) based on the ...
15
votes
0answers
339 views

Strategies to find curves on messy data using FindCurvePath

I have a set of data points that correspond to roots of a transcendental equation with respect to a parameter (the abscissa) which, by the properties of the system, define continuous curves (might be ...
14
votes
1answer
726 views

Extracting signal from gaussian noise

I am trying to extract a signal, $X$, from a noisy source of data, $Z$: $Z = X + Y$ where I know that $Y\sim N(0,\sigma)$, and I know the standard deviation $\sigma$. I am starting with a surrogate ...
14
votes
2answers
595 views

Processing images from NASA's Juno Jupiter Orbiter

Question Can you help me improve what I’ve done to create an enhanced-color picture from an image provided by NASA’s JunoCam? [My work is shown in the penultimate image of Jupiter in this post.] I’...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I use Mathematica to numerically compute a Wigner spectrogram of an optical pulse?

This question was inspired by this question where it is necessary to numerically compute the Fourier transform of a Gaussian optical pulse with a Gaussian chirp function. $$E(t)=e^{-t^2} \cos(50 t - ...
12
votes
1answer
559 views

Wavelet transform order problem

I have a signal that I'm trying to study its time-frequency features by continuous wavelet transform. By choosing different wavelet order, I get some differences in the results. ...
12
votes
4answers
844 views

Segmentation of a microscopy image with uneven illumination

I am trying to do a little image segmentation on some cells taken from microscopy images that have uneven illumination. I am having trouble getting the background of the image cleaned up after ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Correct Fourier scaling and high-resolution frequency identification

I have a dataset of amplitude versus time $(t,A(t))$ and I need to extract the dominant frequency and amplitude, and also get the amplitude at one other specific frequency. My data looks like this: <...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Hilbert-Huang transform package

I am trying to learn Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) and its applications (especially in ECG signal processing). There are several HHT packages (scripts) HHT for R and Matlab. Is there any known ...
9
votes
2answers
281 views

Frequency of ticks in mechanical watches

I'm looking to find the frequency of a relatively large dataset (or a relatively short audio file) of a repeating sound, like so: Here are the original files, for those willing to play. :) eta2412 ...
9
votes
2answers
926 views

Building Butterworth Bandpass Filters

In order to bandpass filter data it is necessary to use ButterworthFilterModel, followed by ToDiscreteTimeModel and RecurrenceFilter. I have two questions: I wish to specify the order of the ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

high pass filter without losing detail

I have troubles doing a simple high pass filtering... Downloading the test data https://pastebin.com/74J8t2YV as "test.dat", you can see that overimposed on the signal there are some low frequencies ...
8
votes
1answer
818 views

Finding outliers in 2D and 3D numerical data

I'm working on dataset which isn't normally distributed.which contains three dimensions like cost, discount and profit I'm trying to find outliers in all these dimensions. I used z score to find ...
8
votes
1answer
264 views

Sample rate severely influences quality of ButterworthFilterModel?

I've hesitated for a while about whether this should be posted to dsp.SE or not, but still decide to discuss it here. Today I was playing with ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How does Mathematica's LowpassFilter work?

I don't really understand the documentation for the LowpassFilter[] function in Mathematica. In the course I have about signal processing, low-pass filters come in ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How to extract notes and chords from audio?

I have a 3-second recording of a guitar chord which you can safely download here. I'm trying to use Mathematica's wavelet features to find out the notes in the chord, at least the docs says that ...
8
votes
2answers
293 views

How to detect discolorations in an image?

I'm evaluating the technical quality of an images and I'd like to scan it for defects from dirty sensors. Are there any filters to quickly detect a blob of discoloration? Here are a few examples:
7
votes
2answers
946 views

How to get a smooth derivative graphic

You can get data by this code: data = Normal[Databin["fHVr7FSi"]] Visualize it like following We can find some non derivable ...
7
votes
1answer
366 views

Working example for the built-in SavitzkyGolayMatrix for doing polynominal smoothing

Have been using various packages SavitskyGolay.m for Savitsky-Golay polynomial smoothing but just noticed the built-in matrix kernel. I am looking for an example ...
7
votes
1answer
617 views

How can I generate pink noise using Mathematica?

I need a time series of pink noise. How can I generate pink noise using Mathematica?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How to make sense of LowpassFilter, SampleRate and the cutoff frequency ωc in different Mathematica versions?

How do you make sense of the scale of "time" and "sampling" when using LowpassFilter and SampleRate ? Given the test data with ...
7
votes
2answers
313 views

How can I generate a sin wave with power law noise?

I am interested in simulating a signal with different types of power law noise, as entitled in wikipedia, "Color of Noise". (The audio examples are pretty cool). Basically, white noise, which many ...
6
votes
6answers
642 views

How do I build a patterned matrix (high-pass and/or low-pass filter bank)?

I would like the shortest code to build the following matrices, of arbitrary dimension $N$: A Low-Pass filter bank matrix is of the form $ \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 0 & ...
6
votes
3answers
331 views

Find when two lists are parallel with autocorrelation

I am working on a signal processing project with two oscillators. The first oscillator has a frequency $f_1$ that is independent, and the second oscillator has a frequency $f_2$ that increases, and ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

How can I obtain a smooth curve from my data but preserve two inversion points

I have a list of data points, {x, y}, my data. When I plot them, the curve is jagged. I want to smooth the curve and preserve the two sharp corners. This is a plot ...
6
votes
2answers
207 views

How to calculate the amount of offset about two list

You can get my data by this code {data1, data2} = Uncompress[FromCharacterCode@ Flatten[ImageData[Import["https://i.stack.imgur.com/ShSMY.png"], "Byte"]]]; We ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How to properly plot a response of a transfer function in Mathematica?

I'm trying to display the output response of a transfer function in Mathematica with and without a compensator. The problem is very strange: while the transfer function compensate is showing well, the ...
6
votes
5answers
827 views

Why isn't LowPassFilter working for these parameters?

First I define a function, just a sum of a few sin waves at different angular frequencies: ...
6
votes
2answers
182 views

How to segment nuclei from a noisy image

(data can be downloaded from this link.) I am trying to segment and count nuclei in a noisy 3-D image stack and it is proving to be somewhat challenging. The strategy I could come up with requires ...