# How to plot space of bistable solutions?

I have the following ODE system

dx1 = -0.7 x1 y2
dy1 = 0.7 x1 y2 + 1.7 (1-x1-y1) y2 - y1
dx2 = -0.7 x2 y1
dy2 = 0.7 x2 y1 + 1.7 (1-x2-y2) y1 - y2


I have found that, for initial conditions of the type $$x_1=1-y_1, x_2=1-y_2$$, solutions either:

• reach a steady-state where $$y_1=y_2=0$$
• or reach a steady-state where $$y_1,y_2>0$$.

Now, I want to plot the plane of initial conditions $$(y_1(0),y_2(0))$$ and color each point in the plane blue or red depending on whether the steady-state falls in the first or second bucket.

I know how to use streamplot to explore the phase-space of solutions but I am not sure how to go about plotting the regions depending on the steady-state value. Any ideas would be much appreciated.

• By the way, what's the system a model of? – Chris K Feb 18 '19 at 20:18
• It's an extension of an epidemic model that exhibits bistability in the initial conditions. See this paper – rpa Feb 18 '19 at 20:21

Here's an approach based on this answer by @ssch.

First, a function to solve the system and report the final values of y1[tmax] and y2[tmax]:

res[y10_?NumericQ, y20_?NumericQ] := Module[{sol},
sol = NDSolve[{
x1'[t] == -0.7 x1[t] y2[t],
y1'[t] == 0.7 x1[t] y2[t] + 1.7 (1 - x1[t] - y1[t]) y2[t] - y1[t],
x2'[t] == -0.7 x2[t] y1[t],
y2'[t] == 0.7 x2[t] y1[t] + 1.7 (1 - x2[t] - y2[t]) y1[t] - y2[t],
x1 == 1 - y10, y1 == y10, x2 == 1 - y20, y2 == y20},
{x1, y1, x2, y2}, {t, 0, tmax}][];
Return[{y1[tmax], y2[tmax]} /. sol]
];


Then RegionPlot where the final values are close enough to {0, 0}:

tmax = 100;
tol = 10^-3;

RegionPlot[{Norm[res[y10, y20]] < tol, Norm[res[y10, y20]] > tol},
{y10, 0, 0.2}, {y20, 0, 0.2},
PlotPoints -> 20, MaxRecursion -> 2, PlotStyle -> {Blue, Red}, FrameLabel -> {y10, y20}] • Thanks!! I ended up figuring out another way and I posted my solution as the same time as yours. However, I'm accepting your answer as I think it's better! – rpa Feb 18 '19 at 20:18

Here's what I ended up doing in case anyone else has a similar question:

I used NDSolve to numerically solve the system. I then extracted the values of $$y_1$$ and $$y_2$$ at time $$t=100$$, which I know is sufficiently long for the system to reach steady-state. I then threshold the average of $$y_1$$ and $$y_2$$ and set the threshold close to zero. Then, I did this for multiple values of the initial conditions using Table and plotted the resulting array using arrayplot.

ArrayPlot[
Table[(i1 + i2)/2 /.
NDSolve[{s1'[t] == -0.7 s1[t] i2[t],
i1'[t] ==  0.7 s1[t] i2[t] + 1.7 (1 - s1[t] - i1[t]) i2[t] - i1[t],
s2'[t] == -0.7 s2[t] i1[t],
i2'[t] == 0.7 s2[t] i1[t] + 1.7 (1 - s2[t] - i2[t]) i1[t] - i2[t],
i1 == p1, i2 == p2, s1 == 1 - p1, s2 == 1 - p2},
{i1, i2}, {t, 0, 100}][], {p1, 0, 1, 0.005}, {p2, 0, 1, 0.005}],
ColorFunction -> (If[# > 0.02, Red, Blue] &), DataReversed -> True] 