# How to get the analytical solution of this equation set

There is a equation set:

{2 x^2 + 49 - 7 x - 2 x Sqrt[x^2 + 49 - 7 x] Cos[rad] == (7 - x)^2,
2 x^2 + 49 - 7 x - 2 x Sqrt[x^2 + 49 - 7 x] Cos[rad + Pi/3] == 49}


I want get the x-value's exact solution.But the Solve cann't work.

• Play around with Reduce, maybe? – march Feb 6 '16 at 20:34

Reduce gives a solution. Here I've eliminated the trivial $x=0$ solution and also specified $-\pi \le rad \le \pi$.

sol = Reduce[And[
2 x^2 + 49 - 7 x - 2 x Sqrt[x^2 + 49 - 7 x] Cos[rad] == (7 - x)^2,
2 x^2 + 49 - 7 x - 2 x Sqrt[x^2 + 49 - 7 x] Cos[rad + Pi/3] == 49,
x != 0, -Pi <= rad <= Pi], x, Reals] Since each term is a condition on rad followed by an equality for x we can extract a piecewise function for x:

xsol = Piecewise[{#2[], #1} & @@@ List @@ sol] which looks like this:

Plot[xsol, {rad, -Pi/3, 2 Pi/3}] To check, here's a contour plot of both equations. The purple bits are where both are true:

ContourPlot[{
2 x^2 + 49 - 7 x - 2 x Sqrt[x^2 + 49 - 7 x] Cos[rad] == (7 - x)^2,
2 x^2 + 49 - 7 x - 2 x Sqrt[x^2 + 49 - 7 x] Cos[rad + Pi/3] == 49},
{rad, -Pi, Pi}, {x, -20, 20},
ContourStyle -> {Opacity[0.5, Red], Opacity[0.5, Blue]},
AspectRatio -> 0.5] Update

I've just noticed that you can remove the Reals domain from Reduce and get a solution in terms of Tan functions which you can FullSimplify to get for x:

-7 + 42 Cos[rad]/(3 Cos[rad] + Sqrt Sin[rad])