# Making features of an image more prominent

For the image below, would like to make the heavy black downward sloping lines more prominent and the fine gridlines in the background less prominent. Also, would like to provide operations for the user, something like, "increase" and "decrease".
The goal would be that applying the increase operation once and the decrease operation once should return the original image. Context for this question is that we are making a general tool. The image below is just one example. The goal for the question is to identify the appropriate functions for this operation.

ImageAdjust as used below seems to achieve the goal of making the heavy black downward sloping lines more prominent. But this operation might not be easily reversible, because ImageAdjust uses the equation (b+1)(c+1)x^1 -c/2, and the value of x may be different at each point. So, the coefficients to invert the operation will not be the same.

image00 = Import[FileNameJoin[{NotebookDirectory[], "image_00.png"}]]


This is the original image. Note the fine grid in the background will distract the user from the key features of the plot.

And this is the image after applying ImageAdjust[image00, {0.5, 0., 0.3} ]. Note that the heavy black lines are much more prominent.

This was the first attempt to reverse this operation, using ImageAdjust[imageAdj01, {0, -0.2, 1} ]

After writing all of this, am now considering putting the {c,b,gamma} under the user's control. Please suggest alternatives to consider.

• May be try ImageLines Oct 26, 2020 at 7:01
• Just curious. Why not simply generate the plot? Oct 26, 2020 at 14:06
• the plot is from a third party (actually it was generated in the 1970's). Data to generate the plot is not available. Will make an approximation of the downward sloping heavy black lines. Oct 26, 2020 at 15:09
• The simplest might be to click on the curve; there's a function called "Coordinate Tools" when you click on an image in Mathematica, it can be pretty convenient. Oct 26, 2020 at 19:22

You have a hard problem.

The following - just an extended comment - offers one approach to attack it. Maybe you or others can build on it.

image00 = Import[FileNameJoin[{NotebookDirectory[], "image_00.png"}]]


Then apply a filter:

HarmonicMeanFilter[imageAdj01, 1]


Not pretty, but this sort of thing may help others in the forum think of other approaches.

Some other thoughts:

You might want to cull the x and y axes labels from imageAdj01, then reassemble them with some final image.

You need to, somehow, identify the background as background. Mathematica has lots of ways to do this when you have something recognizable as something, e.g., a face or a building, but not so much when just have lines on lines on lines.

What does the graph represent? Knowing might give a new line of attack.

• the line represents the performance characteristics of a fan at a power plant. x-axis is flow and the y-axis is energy increase of the air across the fan. Oct 26, 2020 at 23:32
• maybe the problem should be revised to better match the capabilities of the available tools. As you point out, finding a way to identify and remove the cross hatched background would be a big step forward. Oct 26, 2020 at 23:35