# How to access distance of points from origin in Show with multiple ListPlot

I would like to plot a graph of a random-generated list of points, so that they decay a little bit by moving from the origin. So far I wrote this piece of code, which seems to give me the desired output:

ClearAll[Evaluate[\$Context <> "*"]]

MAXITER = 10;
Array[f, MAXITER, 0];

For[i = 0, i < MAXITER, i++,

ppXst = 1/(i + 1) * 1000;

v = i/MAXITER;
strip = 2/MAXITER;

If[i == 0, strip == Abs[strip]];

CircularDistribution[num_] :=

Table[{Sqrt[RandomReal[{If[i == 0, .05, v], v + strip}]] {Cos[#],
Sin[#]} & //@ Random[Real, {0, 2 Pi}]}, {num}];

f[i] = ListPlot[
CircularDistribution[ppXst],
AspectRatio -> 1,
ImageSize -> Medium,
Axes -> False,
PlotStyle -> {{Gray, Opacity[.4], PointSize[.01]}}
];

];

Show[
{Table[f[i], {i, 0, MAXITER - 1}],
Graphics[{Red, PointSize[.02],  Point[{0, 0}]}]},
PlotRange -> All,
ImageSize -> Large
] Now, what I really need is to color the points depending on the distance between them and the origin. The problem is that I did't find out a way to access the single point distance from the origin in the Show command, nor I can figure out how to color ListPlot by ListPlot in order to obtain an uniform coloured plot depending on the distance of the single point. I only get near what I want by doing so:

MAXITER = 10;
Array[f, MAXITER, 0];

For[i = 0, i < MAXITER, i++,

ppXst = 1/(i + 1) * 1000;
v = i/MAXITER;
strip = 2/MAXITER;
If[i == 0, strip == Abs[strip]];

CircularDistribution[num_] :=

Table[{Sqrt[RandomReal[{If[i == 0, .05, v], v + strip}]] {Cos[#],
Sin[#]} & //@ Random[Real, {0, 2 Pi}]}, {num}];

f[i] = ListPlot[
CircularDistribution[ppXst],
AspectRatio -> 1,
ImageSize -> Medium,
Axes -> False,
PlotStyle -> {{Hue[v], Opacity[.4], PointSize[.01]}}
];

];

Show[
{Table[f[i], {i, 0, MAXITER - 1}],
Graphics[{Red, PointSize[.02],  Point[{0, 0}]}]},
PlotRange -> All,
ImageSize -> Large
] which is not really what I want, as it's coloured per strip and not per single point distance. Also, if it's possible, I would like to superimpose to the final graph a Legend, similar to the color map of the ContourPlot which is easily achievable with PlotLegends-> Automatic, to show the distance associated to the color.

I define the f[i] as follows in your for loop to get all the points as a list.

f[i] = CircularDistribution[ppXst];


Then get all the points as a list.

pt = (Flatten /@ Flatten[Table[f[i], {i, 0, MAXITER - 1}], 1]);


Now you define a radial color function.

col = Function[{x, y}, ColorData["SolarColors"][Sqrt[x^2 + y^2]]];
Graphics[{{Red, PointSize[.02],
Point[{0, 0}]}, {Directive[col @@ #, Opacity@.75], PointSize[.01],
Point[#]} & /@ pt}] To choose which color you want I ran over all available and made the plot. You can choose the color name and replace it in the above code which uses "SolarColors". • Wow, you shorten my code so much with a very clever solution, exactly what I was looking for! – opisthofulax Aug 23 '17 at 14:45
Graphics[
{
PointSize[Large],
Red,
Point[{0, 0}],
PointSize[Medium],
Table[
{
ColorData["Rainbow"][Rescale[r, {30, 0}]]
, Point[
CoordinateTransform[
"Polar" -> "Cartesian", {r, RandomReal[{-π, π}]}]]
}
]
}] For the legend

Grid@Table[
{ColorData["Rainbow"][Rescale[r, {30, 0}]], r}, {r, 0, 30, 5}
] Code and plots done in Mathemathica 11.1.1 on Win7

• This is a great solution, but I cannot control strips (I would need to because I need to change distribution as I want, and there's no pre written function which corresponds to all the combinantions I would like)... – opisthofulax Aug 23 '17 at 14:27
• @opisthofulax You can define your own distribution, instead of GammaDistribution, or use your own ser of points. I don't understand what you mean with "cannot control strips". – rhermans Aug 23 '17 at 14:31