Is there any set of commands in Mathematica to compute mean shortest path, global clustering coefficient, diameter and radius of the network, etc. for weighted and/or directed graphs? There indeed exists commands which work for undirected and unweighted graphs but not sure for the above graphs.


3 Answers 3


That does not seem to be possible. I just tried FindShortestTour:

Undirected case:

g = Graph[{UndirectedEdge[1, 2]}];

(* {2, {1, 2, 1}} *)

Directed case:

g = Graph[{1 -> 2}];


Mathematica graphics

Fail! Perhaps working around this using the DistanceFunction option? The idea would be to provide directions using ans asymmetric adjacency matrix:

h = (AdjacencyMatrix[g] // Normal) /. 0 -> Infinity
(* {{∞, 1}, {∞, ∞}} *)

FindShortestTour[Range@Length@h, DistanceFunction -> (h[[#1, #2]] &)]

During evaluation of FindShortestTour::asymdi: The distance function must be symmetric. >>

(* {} *)

This clearly shows that FindShortestTour expects only undirected graphs.


Yes. Most of the commands for graphs should be expected to work on directed graphs.

Below is some example code.

Generate a graph:

cgr = ButterflyGraph[2]

Make a directed graph with weighted edges:

arules = Most[ArrayRules[AdjacencyMatrix[cgr]]];
arules[[All, 2]] = RandomReal[{0, 1}, Length[arules]];
    Floor[0.3*Length[arules]]], 2]] = 0;

wgrMat = SparseArray[
   Append[Select[arules, #[[2]] > 0 &], {_, _} -> \[Infinity]]];
wgr = WeightedAdjacencyGraph[wgrMat];

Find shortest path:

FindShortestPath[wgr, 1, 6]

(* Out[266]= {1, 8, 12, 11, 4, 5, 6} *)

Find different parameters of the graph:

Through[{GraphDiameter, GraphRadius, GraphCenter}[wgr]]

(* Out[267]= {3.55888, 1.81135, {11}} *)

Find distances between nodes:

GraphDistanceMatrix[wgr] // MatrixForm

The results above are for this graph:

enter image description here


For almost any graph-related function, check the documentation, and open the Details section. At the bottom you'll find something like:

EdgeBetweennessCentrality works with undirected graphs, directed graphs, weighted graphs, multigraphs, and mixed graphs.

So the answer is: you have to look this up individually for every function.

  • $\begingroup$ The FindShortestTour Details section does not mention directed or undirected graphs. So, some experimentation may be necessary too. $\endgroup$ Commented Sep 21, 2015 at 20:04

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