# Numerical solution to Differential equation

I want to get the differential solution numerically. I used wolfram alpha. here is the link.

I tried this code on the Mathematica file.

sols4 = NDSolve[{x''[
r] + (1/r) x'[r] - (0.5/r^2) Sin[2 x[r]] + (2/r) Sin[x[r]]^2 -
0.2 Sin[x[r]] - Sin[2 x[r]] == 0, x[0.00001] == Pi,
x'[0.00001] == -1.1024724270140055}, x[r], {r, 0.00001, 100},
Method -> "BDF"];
Plot[Evaluate[x[r] /. sols4], {r, 0.00001, 100}]


It makes me able to get the solution. But I also need a parametric plot as mentioned in wolfram alpha. How I can have that plot? Additionally, as I am using a shooting method and I need a solution to be zero at infinity. Can anyone tell me how I can avoid oscillation at large distances?

Thanks.

• ParametricPlot[{x[r] /. First@sols4, D[x[r] /. First@sols4, r]} // Evaluate, {r, 0.00001, 100}] – march Sep 12 at 17:03
• Thank you very much. It worked. Do you have any idea that how I can get rid of oscillation at r>20? I need solution to be zero as like it is before r=20. – physicsu83 Sep 12 at 17:12
• I'm sorry but I don't understand your question. The solution is the solution. Are you talking about modifying your model so that it does that or defining a new function that is the solution above until $r=20$ and then zero afterward? (And what do you mean by zero? Do you mean it's at the origin after that or that the vertical component is zero?) – march Sep 12 at 17:35
• Actually, my differential equation is a boundary value problem. With x[0.0001]=Pi and x[infinity]=0. So I used the shooting method and converted it into an initial value problem with x[0.0001]=Pi and x'[0.0001]=-(some guessed value). But my gussed value gives oscillation at large distance. But I need x[infinity]=0 not oscillation. – physicsu83 Sep 12 at 17:42
• You are changing the question. Please open a new question that includes both the code above and the boundary condition at large r that you are trying to match. My guess is that you are trying to match a separatrix at large r', which typically is difficult but possible numerically. – bbgodfrey Sep 12 at 18:27

sols4 = NDSolveValue[{x''[
r] + (1/r) x'[r] - (0.5/r^2) Sin[2 x[r]] + (2/r) Sin[x[r]]^2 -
0.2 Sin[x[r]] - Sin[2 x[r]] == 0, x[0.00001] == Pi,
x'[0.00001] == -1.1024724270140055}, x, {r, 0.00001, 100},
Method -> "BDF"];

Plot[sols4[r], {r, 0.00001, 100}] For a parametric plot use ParametricPlot

ParametricPlot[
{sols4[r], sols4'[r]}, {r, 0.00001, 100}]
` 