I am writing a package where I would like to be able to pass replacement rules to a function inside the package and have the function manipulate its symbols using those replacement rules. However, I'm having some trouble implementing it.
(I'm rather baffled because the files used to work and no longer do, coinciding with a change from v10 to v10.1. However, I would be surprised if that is actually the cause as I feel the MWE below completely encapsulates the problem and it looks like a language issue, so instead it may be that I ran the files differently in ways that are hard to reconstruct.)
The specific thing I have in mind is this. Make two files,
BeginPackage["Test`"]; replace::usage = "Returns var/.rules."; Begin["`Private`"]; replace[rules_] := ReplaceAll[var, rules] End; EndPackage;
Needs["Test`", "/path/to/testpackage.m"] replace[var-> 0] replace[Test`Private`var -> 0]
Open the notebook file on a fresh session and load the package. I would like the usage
replace[var-> 0] to return
0 - that is, I would like
replace to be able to tell
var to zero itself. However, it returns
Test`Private`var, which upon closer examination of the code is in fact a pretty reasonable thing for it to return. The reasonableness of this is compounded by the fact that
replace[Test`Private`var -> 0] will return
0 as expected.
As I said, the usage
replace[var->0] used to work fine for my bigger package, and indeed it can work fine in some circumstances (which I cannot pin down exactly, and which I have not been able to reproduce in this MWE yet) if the notebook file is opened on the same Mathematica instance (and thus kernel session) as the package file, with the package file (in practice, a
.m auto-generated from a notebook) having been used to run the definition of
So: I have some wonky code, which is probably returning the results it needs to but not the results I want it to, and I would like to amend it to return it to the desired behaviour. In particular: is there some way to take the call
and make it forget contexts for a minute?
Alternatively, I'm painfully aware of the possibility that this simply means that I've completely misunderstood the concept of contexts, and that what I want simply isn't doable. This would mean that the behaviour I want, for example, can only be produced by e.g. adding the symbol
var to the
Test` context, such as by adding the line
var::usage = "var is the variable that gets replaced";
below the usage message for
replace. I'm reluctant to take such a step as the package is relatively big (and organically grown, so somewhat messy and without comprehensive unit tests, unfortunately) and I'm afraid of breaking something. If there are no shortcuts then I'm OK with it, but I would like to know if there's a hackier way to get the behaviour I want.
replace. I don't recall any MMA function with similar usage. Even for solve etc. you have to tell MMA which are variables we are going to do something with in an expression. $\endgroup$