Questions tagged [matrix]

Questions on the manipulation of matrices in Mathematica.

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171
votes
9answers
57k views

Elegant operations on matrix rows and columns

Question The Mathematica tutorial has a section 'Basic Matrix Operations', describing operations like transpose, inverse and determinant. These operations all work on entire matrices. I am missing a ...
45
votes
4answers
8k views

Why does MatrixForm affect calculations?

This is a really newbie question, but it has me confused. Why does this code work without // MatrixForm and doesn't work with ...
97
votes
4answers
5k views

Flatten command: matrix as second argument

One thing I could never wrap my head around is how Flatten works when provided with a matrix as the second argument, and the Mathematica help isn't particularly ...
70
votes
6answers
5k views

Does Mathematica have advanced indexing?

I have two $M \times K$ arrays $L, T$ where I would like to set all the elements in $L$ to zero whenever the corresponding element of $T$ is greater than 15. The ...
41
votes
5answers
17k views

What is the most efficient way to add rows and columns to a matrix?

Say I have a matrix m and a vector v. ...
42
votes
4answers
7k views

Fastest way to calculate matrix of pairwise distances

It is a very common problem that given a distance function $d(p_1,p_2)$ and a set of points pts, we need to construct a matrix ...
16
votes
5answers
10k views

Matrix Multiplication in context of row and column vectors

I've been looking at some matrices in Mathematica and I've noticed something very weird: they're extremely temperamental when it comes to dot products! For example, if I have the following, ...
21
votes
1answer
2k views

How get eigenvectors without phase jump?

I'm using Eigenvectors to get the eigenvectors for some matrixes, but the eigenvectors seems to have some phase jump. Here is an example: Say we have a 2 by 2 ...
15
votes
1answer
15k views

Quick Hessian matrix and gradient calculation?

I am absolutely new to Mathematica and I actually want to try implementing a little optimization method . Long story short assuming I have a predefined two-variable function f(x,y) I want to ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

How to use “Drop” function to drop matrix' rows and columns in an arbitrary way?

The built-in function "Drop" can delete a Matrix's row and column. Typical syntax for "Drop" is as follows: Drop[list,seq1,seq2...] But what if I want to drop a ...
8
votes
4answers
866 views

Prepend 0 to sublists

My question is similar to this one, but my goal is to prepend a single 0 the each sublist, not incrementally many 0's. The file I'm working is a CSV containing around 50K sublists of length 35. I've ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Contracting with Levi-Civita (totally antisymmetric) tensor

I have an array $v_{ijk}$ which is effectively a rank-$3$ tensor with dimensions $3\times3\times3$, and I need to contract it with $e^{ijk}$, i.e. evaluate $v_{ijk} e^{ijk}$ (see Einstein convention)....
42
votes
6answers
3k views

How to visualize/edit a big matrix as a table?

Is it possible to visualize/edit a big matrix as a table ? I often end up exporting/copying big tables to Excel for seeing them, but I would prefer to stay in Mathematica and have a similar view as in ...
41
votes
2answers
12k views

How to form a block-diagonal matrix from a list of matrices?

For example, like this: I know Join works, but it is a bit troublesome for multiple matrices. I also tried DiagonalMatrix, but ...
35
votes
2answers
12k views

How to enter matrices in block matrix format?

Example: I have a matrix $R = \left( \begin{array}{cc} A & \mathbf{t} \\ 0 & 1 \end{array} \right) $ where $A$ is 3-by-3 and $\mathbf{t}$ is 3 by 1. Or in Mathematica ...
9
votes
4answers
33k views

Creating a table/Matrix during a For loop

I have a For loop (with i as a counter), which calculates different values (y1, ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Mathematica won't give eigenvectors but Wolfram Alpha will? What am I doing wrong?

If I ask Mathematica to find the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the matrix: ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I create a triangulated surface from points?

I have a set of points in a nx3 matrix and I would like to convert them into a surface, so that I may calculate its surface area. The function ListSurfacePlot3D creates the surface how I want it. ...
6
votes
1answer
13k views

How to add an extra column to a current matrix (list)? [duplicate]

a = {{-800, 1712}, {-801, 1713}, {-806, 1832}} TableForm[a] b = a[[All, 2]] - Min[a[[All, 2]]] How do I make a new matrix (list) whic looks like this ...
12
votes
3answers
14k views

Correct way to remove matrix columns?

I start off with m = 1000 x 5 matrix, and I would like to remove first column to get 1000 x 4 matrix and repeat again for ...
17
votes
3answers
9k views

Solving a time-dependent Schrödinger equation

I want to solve the time-dependent Schrödinger equation: $$ i\partial_t \psi(t) = H(t)\psi(t)$$ for matrix, time-dependent $H(t)$ and vector $\psi$. What is an efficient way of doing this so that ...
28
votes
3answers
5k views

How to symbolically do matrix “Block Inversion”?

Consider a block (partitioned) matrix matrix = ArrayFlatten[{{a, b}, {c, d}}] where, a, b,...
11
votes
2answers
6k views

How to get MATLAB data imported with the same dimensions?

I have some MATLAB image data with the following dimensions (output is from MATLAB): >> size(im) ans = 86 86 3 45 The data imports just fine ...
18
votes
3answers
8k views

How do you concatenate matrices? And how do you make block matrices?

This is pretty trivial to do in Matlab, but I have not seen a function for it in Mathematica. Here is how you can do it with Join and ...
10
votes
1answer
450 views

Drop selection of columns from a ragged array

I have an application where I need to drop some arbitrary list of columns from a ragged array (where of course the shortest array rows have at least all the specified columns). E.g., given a ragged ...
7
votes
3answers
386 views

How can I reproduce the MatrixForm, NumberForm, XyzForm behavior?

I wish to write a function like MatrixForm, that affect only display but not evaluation, i.e. a function that automatically is stripped away from output. More ...
25
votes
3answers
3k views

Cycles of length N in a graph

If I have an undirected graph represented with an adjacency matrix, how can I find all the subgraphs which are a cycle of length N? I don't really know the math nor the programming language well, so ...
18
votes
5answers
6k views

Axis/Angle from rotation matrix

With r = RotationMatrix[a, {x, y, z}] I can compute a 3D rotation matrix from its axis/angle representation. Given a 3D rotation matrix ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

Decomposing a matrix with polynomial elements into a polynomial with matrix coefficients

Let's say I have a matrix, $\mathbf{M}$, that is polynomially dependent on a single variable, such as M = {{15 + a^2, a + 5 a^2}, {a - 5 a^2, 2}} and I want to ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

List manipulation: Dropping first or last row or column of a matrix

How do I drop the first/last row or first/last column from a matrix? The general case is answered here but I am new to Mathematica and it the arbitrary case is unnecessarily complex. Suppose I am ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Finding maximal sublist of linearly independent vectors

Given a list of vectors v = {v1, ..., vn}, which is the fastest way to find a maximal sublist of linearly independent vectors? I could add the vectors one by one to ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Problem with plotting eigenvalues

I want to plot the eigenvalues of a matrix which is dependant on a parameter (well, actually I want to plot a tight-binding electronic band structure). The dimension of the hamitonian matrix is ...
26
votes
6answers
8k views

Best way to create symmetric matrices

From time to time I need to generate symmetric matrices with relatively expensive cost of element evaluation. Most frequently these are Gram matrices where elements are $L_2$ dot products. Here are ...
23
votes
2answers
721 views

Speeding up generation of block diagonal matrix

I'm struggling with the following problem. I have $48$ square matrices (full, filled with real machine precision numbers, thus are packed, all different) of size $128$. I wolud like to place them on a ...
20
votes
6answers
2k views

Graph from binary matrix (not adjacency) respecting the original matrix positions

I have a binary matrix. My objective is to connect every close (without "jump") elements with value equal to 1, but I must keep the point positions, just like it's shown at the image. Can somebody ...
21
votes
3answers
867 views

Why is calling Dot with many arguments so inefficient?

Say I want to multiply a reasonably large list of symbolic matrices. ...
13
votes
7answers
2k views

Brackets around each item in matrix

I have a matrix where every item in the matrix has its own brackets that I do not want. How can I remove the brackets around each item?
14
votes
6answers
894 views

How to find the distance of two lists?

I have two lists as the following: ab = {1, -1, -1, -1, 1, 1}; ac = {1, -1, -1, 1, 1, 1}; How I can find the difference (more precisely, the edit distance) ...
15
votes
3answers
688 views

Using uniform coloring in MatrixPlot

I have a rectangular matrix, which is m-by-10. Each element is either 0 or 1. I would like 0 to correspond to white elements, and 1 to red elements. This works ...
6
votes
3answers
419 views

Assumptions for RotationMatrix

I'm making C++ program, and in my program I need a rotation matrix around any vector. I wanted to extract RotationMatrix[fi,{x,y,z}] output and put it in my program....
4
votes
3answers
882 views

Finding parameters making real part of eigenvalues vanish

I have the following $\;3\times3$ matrix: $\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0.04 -0.4 b & 0 & 0.04 -0.4 b \\ 0 & -0.08-1.2 b & -0.06-0.9 b \\ 1.04 -0.4 b & 2.08 -0.8 b & 0 \end{...
1
vote
1answer
885 views

General form of a linear transformation

Let $v_1 = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and $v_2=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ and let $A= \begin{bmatrix} 3 & 2 \\ -2 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ be a matrix for $T\colon \Bbb R^2\...
38
votes
3answers
2k views

Tiling a square

I wondered if there was a way to automate the process of finding a way to tile a tile into a square. The idea is to represent the tile with a matrix of $0$s for blank space and $1$s for filled spaces ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

Obtain approximate Hessian using FindMinimum

According to the documentation, when FindMinimum is told to use the method "QuasiNewton" on a unconstrained problem, it uses the ...
6
votes
3answers
10k views

How to use a 3×3 covariance matrix to plot an error ellipsoid?

I have a 3×3 error covariance in Mathematica, but I don't know how to use it for plotting the error ellipsoid. It would be great if you can show me how I can do that for the below covariance matrix: <...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

How to manipulate gauge theory in Mathematica?

I want to know if there is a way of typing into Mathematica an expression like the following, $$\epsilon^{\mu \nu \lambda} f^{abc} A^a_\mu A^b_\nu A^c_\lambda + g\epsilon^{\mu \nu \lambda} A^a_\mu \...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

I need to multiply a series of matrices

I need to perform a dot product on a large number of 2 x 2 matrices that I have defined to differ by even/odd subscripts (Ex: D-odd=x but D-even=y). The $\Pi$ function will not work because it does ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

$\mathbf L\mathbf D\mathbf L^\top$ Cholesky decomposition

Mathematica can do a Cholesky decomposition $\mathbf A = \mathbf L\mathbf L^\top$, but how do I do a LDL decomposition $\mathbf A = \mathbf L\mathbf D\mathbf L^\top$, with $\mathbf L$ being a unit ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

Defining quantum-mechanical Bra and Ket operations

I have the following ket in the Fock basis: $\vert3, 0 ,1\rangle$, where each entry defines the number of photons in a particular mode and can take any one of the following numbers: 0, 1, 2, 3. As a ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Non-commutative symbolic linear algebra

I am fairly new to Mathematica but I thought I would be a helpful tool to carry out a few simple linear algebra calculations. It seems like an easy task but I cannot figure out how to do it. For ...