Questions tagged [geometry]

Questions on the application of Mathematica to geometric problems. You might also consider adding the [graphics] tag, if appropriate.

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59
votes
4answers
7k views

Create a torus with a hexagonal mesh for 3D-printing

I am new to Mathematica, and I'm looking for a way to create patterns on the surface of 3D objects. One thing I have not been able to do is to create a hexagonal mesh on a torus. What I would like to ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Plot in a 2-dimensional simplex

I have a row vector as $P=(p_1,p_2,p_3)$ which should be obtained from the following constraints: $a_1p_1 + a_2p_2 + a_3p_3 = b_1p_1 + b_2p_2 + b_3p_3$ ($a_i$'s and $b_i$'s are known) $p_1 + p_2 + ...
48
votes
6answers
7k views

How to plot ternary density plots?

How can I get a ternary density plot just like the plots from OriginLab? ContourPlot and DensityPlot seemingly can accept the <...
3
votes
1answer
901 views

Return “true” if point is in Convex Hull [duplicate]

I have a set of points Z: Z = {{x1,y1},{x2,y2},..,} I would like to obtain a function that returns ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

How to simulate the true reflective movement of a particle bouncing around in an ellipse?

Please help me to simulate the movement of a particle inside a region with elliptical walls such that particle is reflected from the walls and continues to move. A friend was able write code to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Plot a cone in spherical co-ordinates

As we all know in spherical coordinates a function phi = π/3 gives us a cone. The cone makes an angle of π/3 with the imagined <...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Code to give center of circle given three points in 2D? [duplicate]

Does anyone know how to make a function like this: C(p1,p2,p3)=center of circle that goes through p1, p2, and p3? This is in 2D
2
votes
5answers
877 views

Where did I go wrong with my implementation of finding a plane tangent to a surface?

I am working on finding the plane tangent to a paraboloid at a given point. My code: ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Imposing a Periodic Boundary Condition in Nearest Neighbour Search

I am trying to find first nearest neighbour distributions of randomly dispersed point-like objects in an infinite system. To do this I make a finite sized box unit cell with a chosen concentration of ...
25
votes
3answers
2k views

Uniformly distributed n-dimensional probability vectors over a simplex

What's the right way to generate a random probability vector $p={p_1,\ldots,p_n} \in {(0,1)}^n$ where $\sum_i p_i=1$, uniformly distributed over the $(n-1)$-dimensional simplex? What I have is ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Ellipse counting from image

I have hundreds of images similar to this image: I'm looking to count the number of ellipses as well as their major and minor diameters. The ellipses are touching, hence, ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I plot a hemisphere on top of a cone

...
5
votes
1answer
818 views

How to make a filled Ellipsoid?

I want to make a filled Ellipsoid, but it seems Filling options doesn't work in Graphics ...
19
votes
5answers
4k views

Plotting an epicycloid

I am fairly new to Mathematica, and I cannot figure out how to plot an epicycloid. I have plotted some neat looking things in my attempts, but I still can't make one. I am not looking to make an ...
12
votes
2answers
540 views

Is there a triangle like this?

I want to find the numbers $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$ of the function $y = \dfrac{a x + b}{c x + d}$ so that the triangle $ABC$ with three points $A$, $B$, $C$ have integer coordinates and lies on the graph ...
6
votes
3answers
456 views

Assumptions for RotationMatrix

I'm making C++ program, and in my program I need a rotation matrix around any vector. I wanted to extract RotationMatrix[fi,{x,y,z}] output and put it in my program....
1
vote
1answer
704 views

Are there built in functions to perform a geometric transform to rotate a set of points around an arbitrary point?

I have a list of points {{4,5},{6,7},{9,8},...} in two-dimensions. I'd like to rotate these points some number of degrees $\theta$ around an arbitrary anchor point ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Efficiently determining if a morphological component overlaps a polygon with vertices at real number coordinates

I have a list of morphological components $m$, a set of vertices for a polytope $P$ (at real number coordinates), and I'd like to be able to calculate a list of morphological components $m'$ that ...
4
votes
0answers
251 views

Generating an obstacle-avoiding closed-curve with a fixed perimeter and a target area

I was wondering if there was a neat way to solve the following problem in Mathematica v9 - Provided a binarized image (where we call black pixels "obstacles" or vice versa, whichever is most ...
24
votes
4answers
6k views

How do I calculate the area of a polygon given its coordinates?

I have a polygon: Polygon[{{0, 200 }, {200, 100}, {500, 300}, {100, 700}}] How can I figure out its area? The docs page does not have any example. So far I've ...
1
vote
1answer
883 views

ParametricPlot3D and Sphere Graphics

I'm trying to put a sphere into a 3D parametric plot, but I seem to have a strange problem. Here's the code: ...
0
votes
1answer
394 views

Partitioning a list of 2D points into sublists that fit into non-overlapping equal-sized squares [duplicate]

I have a set of {x, y} coordinates, for example: ...
1
vote
1answer
562 views

A problem on generating convex hull

For example, I typed the following: ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Identifying and counting closely spaced particles

Following in the footsteps of this blog post: http://blog.wolfram.com/2011/09/09/building-a-microscopy-application-in-mathematica/, I took a microscope picture of some particles on a surface, and ...
18
votes
5answers
6k views

Axis/Angle from rotation matrix

With r = RotationMatrix[a, {x, y, z}] I can compute a 3D rotation matrix from its axis/angle representation. Given a 3D rotation matrix ...
1
vote
1answer
370 views

Partitioning a data set of two-dimensional coordinates into subsets of coordinates underlying non-overlapping tiles of a bounding box

Image I have a list of coordinates of the form: ...
10
votes
1answer
478 views

How to compile Heike's winding number function?

Heike gave the following function for winding number: ...
6
votes
1answer
440 views

Generate regularly spaced points from the surface of simplexes

I need to generate regularly spaced samples (points) from the surface of unit simplexes with 2 or greater vertices or end points. I can generate random samples pretty straightforwardly: ...
3
votes
4answers
236 views

Finding a mapping between elements in two lists that satisfy some criterion (such as being less than threshold Euclidean distance apart)?

I have two lists of $d$-dimensional coordinates, for example setting $d=3$ we might write: ...
2
votes
2answers
999 views

Understanding the computation of the geometric median

In the Wolfram Demonstration Fermat Point for Many Points, it appears that the geometric median is being calculated for an arbitrary set of five manipulable points. How might one extend this ...
11
votes
5answers
669 views

How to choose three points on the circle so that the triangle is not a right triangle?

I want to choose three points $A$, $B$, $C$ has integer coordinates on the circle $$(x+2)^2 + (y+1)^2 = 25$$ so that the triangle is not a right triangle. But I can not. I tried ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How to draw a Circle in a graph with Log Y Scale

I've programmed drawing tools for graph images and am experiencing a problem with the coordinates of an Ellipse on a graph with a Log Y axis. It's quite easy to work out the Y Axis coordinates for ...
4
votes
2answers
695 views

Create polygon using edge lengths and area

Four-sided convex land plots are usually denoted with edge lengths and area. How do I create a Polygon Object with these parameters in Mathematica ?
15
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I plot a loxodrome?

Can someone show me how to plot a rhumb line (loxodrome) in Mathematica via the ParametricPlot3D function? Here is what I got so far: ...
1
vote
1answer
688 views

Using LatticeData to fill a space with spheres in a face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice packing arrangement

I have a large sphere of radius $R_1$ which I would like to pack with $N$ smaller radius of radius $r_2<R_1$ arranged in a face-centered cubic (fcc) packing arrangement (i.e. Kepler's optimal ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I draw a polygon from a set of angles?

In recreational mathematics, polytans are polygons formed by edge-connecting isosceles right triangles. Order-n polytans are those constructed from n such triangles. My question is this: Given a ...
7
votes
4answers
659 views

How can I shorten this code to rotate a line segment around its center?

I have a list of line segments stored in the form: { {{x11,y11},{x12,y12}} , {{x21,y21},{x22,y22}} , ... , {{xn1,yn1},{xn2,yn2}} } Now I want to rotate all of ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

How to judge if a point is in the interior of a closed curve or not? [duplicate]

For example: pts = {{0, 1}, {-(Sqrt[3]/2), -(1/2)}, {Sqrt[3]/2, -(1/2)}}; trig=JoinedCurve[Line[pts], CurveClosed -> True]; Then ...
17
votes
2answers
3k views

Stereographic Projection

Say I want to represent points of the complex plane in the sphere $\Bbb S^2$ using stereographic projection. That is, the Riemann sphere: Specifically, it would be nice to be able to: Given the ...
6
votes
1answer
197 views

Why is FindInstance failing when I relax a set of constraints?

I'm attempting to use FindInstance to generate coordinate sets for plausible triangles with edge length distance constraints. E.g.: ...
4
votes
1answer
243 views

Is there a fast way to trilaterate a point?

I have a point in 2D or 3D space at an unknown coordinate, $p_0$, and I'd like to determine its position using distances from known coordinates $(p_1, p_2, p_3)$. Beyond using ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Triangle mapped on a sphere in $\mathbb R^3$?

How can I map a triangle on a sphere? I want to visualize (plot or animate) it for my student in Non-Euclidean geometry. I have no restrictions on the triangle's kind or on the sphere in $\mathbb R^3$....
0
votes
3answers
318 views

Cover a rectangle with size constrained rectangular regions

I have a big grid (indicated on the image in grey) that is divided in several blocks (each with a maximum width of 3 units). Now I would like to divide a region (indicated on the grid in red) by the ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

Mathematica for teaching orthographic projection

Edit: All the four answers to this question are great, and if you're interested, you should take a look at all the answers. Nevertheless, belisarius' code was accepted since it was closest to what I ...
8
votes
2answers
545 views

How to punch a hole in some 3D distribution of points

Suppose we have a long list of 3D Cartesian coordinates, defining a distribution of random points in 3D space. How could we remove all the points inside a sphere of radius ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

How to define the tangent gradient operator? [duplicate]

I would like to define a new differential operator that is the tangent gradient for a curve $\Sigma$. This is defined as $$\nabla_\Sigma=\mathbf{P}\nabla$$ where $\mathbf{P}$ is the projection ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Calculating a minimum bounding box for a set of 3-space coordinates / spheres

I have a set of 3-space coordinates for the atoms of a molecule (I could also transform them into spheres with radii corresponding to the atoms they represent). I would like to place this molecule ...
23
votes
7answers
5k views

Distance between point and line segments

How would you determine the shortest distance between a point and one or more segments? For example, what is the shortest distance between the point and the two segments below? Clearly the point is ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Drawing a quadrilateral inscribed within a circle

I would like to draw a quadrilateral inscribed within a circle. How can I construct this figure, taking into account arbitrary (specified) side lengths, while still ensuring that the vertices of the ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

How can I truncate only a single vertex of a polygon?

One can truncate all the vertices of a polygon at once with Truncate. I want to do exactly that -- but only on a single vertex. Is this possible with Mathematica 9? ...

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