Questions tagged [equation-solving]

Questions on the analytic and numerical equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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2
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1answer
561 views

Vector Analysis: Why are the Grad, Laplacian and Div being evaluated to zero

For the non linear partial differential equation below, why are the Gradient, Laplacian and Divergence being evaluated to zero despite using the VectorAnalysis ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Using 'Reduce' to solve a set of inequalities, specified by a list

I have a two lists $LHS$ and $RHS$, both of size $n$. I want to solve a system of inequalities of the form: $$LHS[1] \leq RHS[1]$$ $$LHS[2] \leq RHS[2]$$ $$LHS[3] \leq RHS[3]$$ $$\vdots$$ $$LHS[n]...
4
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1answer
5k views

Finding the Minimum value of an interpolating function

I can't seem to use FindMinValue to find the min. value of a curve represented by an interpolating function. For instance the below code generates an interpolating ...
2
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1answer
650 views

2 non-linear equations with 2 unknowns which I cannot solve

I have the following equations and I would like to solve them in Mathematica anyway. Numerical results are very much welcomed. However, when I use the command NSolve...
19
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1answer
2k views

How do I find all the solutions of three simultaneous equations within a given box?

Sometimes, one needs to find all the solutions of three simultaneous nonlinear equations in three unknowns $$\begin{align*}f(x,y,z)&=0\\g(x,y,z)&=0\\h(x,y,z)&=0\end{align*}$$ within a ...
0
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1answer
5k views

Help to solve Simultaneous Equations

I think this should be easy to numerically solve in Mathematica, but for some reason I'm not finding the correct way to do it. I basically want to solve these simyltaneous equiations: ...
0
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1answer
654 views

FindRoot on a 2D list of Equations

I have a $n \times k$ Matrix of data that I want to feed into an equation and solve for an unknown variable. I suppose I can always just convert the Matrix into a long Array but I'd like to learn how ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Defining regions for `Exclusions`

I have the following function I want to plot in 3D (For simplicities sake we can say $a=5,b=-1,c=3$.) ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Reduce an equation by putting a new variable

I have the following equation given: $$ (26-x)\cdot\sqrt{5x-1} -(13x+14)\cdot\sqrt{5-2x} + 12\sqrt{(5x-1)\cdot(5-2x) }= 18x+32. $$ In order to solve it, I want to substitute $t = \sqrt{5x - 1}-\sqrt{...
3
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1answer
271 views

Tracking FindRoot errors in NestWhileList and Table

I'm solving many systems of two equations by varying the initial parameters. I'm running FindRoot in a NestWhileList where the ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Solving Simultaneous Equations

I am trying to solve two equations that take the form: $W_0 \sqrt{1+\left(\dfrac{z}{\lambda\,\pi\, W_{0}^2}\right)}=W_1\;\,\quad \ldots(1)$ $W_0\sqrt{1+\left( \dfrac{z+0.1}{\lambda\, \pi\, W_{0}^2}\...
2
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3answers
428 views

equation solving problems

I have some equation: $$ veq=-2-lr-l^2r+2(r+ir^3\omega) v' + (-2+r)r^2v'^2 + (-2+r) r^2 v''==0 $$ or in Mathematica form: ...
2
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1answer
865 views

How to solve simultaneous equations faster with Compile?

I have large 6x6 matrix Uwhich is a multiplication of 15 rotational matrix. All of the elements are Sin\[theta] and ...
6
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2answers
589 views

Reduce and Solve unable to solve equation

I have the following equation. Why aren't Solve and Reduce able to find the solution? ...
3
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2answers
812 views

Is there a way to solve the Apollonius Circle problem in Mathematica?

Assuming x, a, and b are complex numbers, is there a way to reduce the equation Abs[x - a] == k Abs[x - b] to something like ...
2
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1answer
452 views

How to solve a symbolic equation with symbols in powers

I am trying to solve $\dfrac{\rho\ ((1-b)\ \lambda _f\ \lambda _s\ P _A)^{\rho }}{b-1}+\dfrac{\rho \left(\dfrac{b\ \text{ps}\ x}{1-\text{ps}}\right)^{\rho }}{b}=0$ in terms of $b$, I ...
15
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1answer
1k views

Why does repeating an equation help in FindRoot?

I'm trying to understand this behavior of FindRoot. Consider a sample function (the one I'm actually interested in is far more complicated, but has similar issues) ...
0
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1answer
503 views

Iterative way to find roots of confluent hypergeometric function [duplicate]

I am trying to find roots of confluent hypergeometric function and I wonder if I can choose the initial guess by the choice of $\beta$. ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Using previous two solutions as a start point in FindRoot

I need to solve a sequence of equations and I want the starting point of each new FindRoot to be the solution of the earlier FindRoot, increased or decreased by a a bit in the following way: Some ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Selecting polynomial roots and plotting against parameters

An implicit function $f(x,k)=0$ is quadratic in $x$ and contains one parameter $k$ which I must vary. Using Solve, I get two real solutions for each specific $k$: $...
2
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1answer
1k views

FindRoot Infinite expression 1/0 encountered error

I have 1 equation in 1 variable, which when I use Plot, looks like this: ...
3
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1answer
2k views

wrong use of _?NumberQ?

I am having trouble with a numerical exercise. Here's a simplified version of my problem. I define two functions to find the solution to two constrained maximization problems: ...
2
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1answer
2k views

FindRoot inside Table

(MWE at the end of the post) I need to solve a non-linear equation $f(y;x_1,x_2,..,x_5)$ in one variable $y$ and then compute 4 new output expressions, for over 60 different initial parameter inputs ...
21
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2answers
7k views

FindRoot Domain restriction

I am solving a system of four non-linear equations in four variables using FindRoot. I have some sense of the relationship between the variables so I don't want Mathematica to do its computations in ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Numerically Solving two dependent Transcendental Equations

I need to solve a system similar to the following (Except it is quite large. Solving this ought to do the job): $$ \tan[2f(t)] = 1+ t^2\ $$ and $ f(t) $ is $ k $, such that$$ \tan[2kt]-(1+k^2) = 0\ ...
4
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1answer
496 views

pH calculations, speeding up code involving Solve

I'm trying to calculate pH values of solutions containing water and acetic acid. The relevant equations have been defined and I now want to find a solution using Mathematica. For a specific acid ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Find roots of polynomial in field extension $GF(2^n)$?

How can I find roots of polynomial in extension field $GF(2^n)$?
4
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3answers
585 views

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$?

How to obtain a fixed number of solutions to $x+y=1$? For example, I want 4 solutions: $(1,0),(2,-1),(3,-2),(-2,3)$ I want to do this also on bigger equations such as $x+y+...=1$ and then I want to ...
2
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1answer
4k views

Solving a system of equations in two variables

I have a system of two equations in two variables $x$ and $y$. $$\begin{align} F_1(a,b,c,d,e)x+F_2(a,b,c,d,e)y+F_3(a,b,c,d,e)&=0\\ G_1(a,b,c,d,e)x+G_2(a,b,c,d,e)y+G_3(a,b,c,d,e)&=0 \end{...
6
votes
2answers
530 views

How to work out the parameter in a definite integration which has an exact value while the integration doesn't have an analytical solution?

Here is the equation I'm trying to solve: NIntegrate[1/(E^(1/(λ T)) - 1), {λ, 200, 220}] == 1000 T is the parameter I'm ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Trying to fit an unknown extreme distribution

First up, I'm quite new to Mathematica so any hints on better code would be greatly appreciated. I have some histogram frequency data from an unknown distribution that I'm trying to fit. Here's the ...
5
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1answer
4k views

Solve system of equations related to perspective projection

I'm trying to solve system of equations. I have 4 points before perspective projection and after and I whant to obtain matrix of perspective projection $m_{i,j}$ ($x,y,u,v$ are known , $m_{i,j}$ ...
3
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2answers
192 views

Why didn't Reduce give me the right result?

My code: Clear[r1, r2]; par[r1_, r2_] := r1 r2 / (r1 + r2); Reduce[{5 par[r2, 32000]/(r1 + par[r2, 32000]) == 1.8 && par[r1, r2] == 5000}, {r1, r2}] ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

solve non-linear system of equations

I have a system of equations and I want to solve it to get x, y $$\begin{cases} u= C_{1}+(x-C_{1})(1+k_{1}((x-C_{1})(x-C_{1})+(y-C_{2})(y-C_{2}))) \\ \\ v= C_{2}+(y-C_{2})(1+k_{2}((x-C_{1})(x-C_{1})+(...
1
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2answers
4k views

Find the dimensions of a cylindrical can that will minimize the cost of the material

A cylindrical can is to be made to hold 1 L of oil. Find the dimensions that will minimize the cost of the metal to manufacture the can. This is a standard calculus problem. The volume of the ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How to convert a system of parametric equations to a normal equation?

For example, I have a system of parametric equations (R is a constant number) : ...
7
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1answer
2k views

How Can I use Solve/Reduce Output

Suppose I want x and y to be rationals Solve[ x^2 + y^2 == 1, {x, y}, Rationals] I am ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Arithmetic operation on the value returned by Solve

I want to modify the value that is returned by Solve. Example: SolC1 = Solve[Sin[ π x / L] == 1, x] {{x -> L/2}} I need to add n to x so that x becomes ...
6
votes
1answer
540 views

Buggy Reduce/Resolve function?

It seems to me that this is a clear-cut case of Mathematica actually producing the wrong answer (with no warnings). I'm trying to express the fact that for any integer, there exists a factorization ...
11
votes
3answers
357 views

Problems Computing (in a reasonable amount of time) Solutions to a System of Inequalities

For my Cryptography research I am interested in finding solutions to the following inequalities in terms of $r$ and $s$, where $p$ is some fixed constant. $$\begin{align} 2^{p - s + 4} + 2^{p - r} + ...
1
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2answers
711 views

solving for one solution to a system of polynomials

I'm trying to solve a system of equations: ...
3
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2answers
5k views

Root finding in Mathematica

I am new to Mathematica. I have used the WolframAlpha online calculator to find roots of equations (listed under the heading Root in the output generated in ...
7
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3answers
4k views

Why won't Mathematica Solve a set of two equations for one variable?

For example, if I try to Solve this set of equations Solve[y == 3 x + 5 && y == -x + 7, {x, y}] Mathematica gives the right values for ...
8
votes
4answers
733 views

Defining a Unique Domain for Solving Diophantine Equations

I am working on a research problem in discrete geometry to do with sphere packings, and believe it or not, I have been able to reduce it to finding the solutions to the Diophantine equation, $$n = \...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Error (NSolve::ifun) when using NSolve, I need help interpreting the error

I wrote the following code to observe how the solutions to the equation $(e^{i a})^2 = e^{i b}$ varied as $b$ varied between 0 and $2\pi$ ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How to Simplify equations over a Ring with Mathematica?

For example, when we work over a ring, the equation x^3=0 does not imply x^2=0 or x=0, but ...
7
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2answers
282 views

Why does Solve and Sum give different answers when according to Table it is the same sequence?

I have been thinking about a piece of code today, but I don't understand why I get different outputs from two in my mind similar Mathematical sums. First I observe that the Table command for this: <...
11
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2answers
8k views

Inverse of a complicated function

Mathematica is struggling to find the inverse of this function f(r): ...
7
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4answers
651 views

Manipulating Equations

I would like to be able to manipulate algebraic equations. For example, let's say I enter 3x+5==2 I would next like to be able to manually subtract $2$ from both ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Reduce/Solve an equation with symbols in powers

I am trying to solve the following equation with respect to x. eqn = x^z + y == a; But when I do ...