Questions tagged [equation-solving]

Questions on the analytic and numerical equation solving functions of Mathematica (Solve, Reduce, NSolve, FindRoot, DSolve, RSolve, etc.).

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89
votes
2answers
19k views

What is the difference between Reduce and Solve?

Solve and Reduce both can be used for solving equations. Just by working with them, I know there are some differences between ...
76
votes
9answers
5k views

Updating Wagon's FindAllCrossings2D[] function

Stan Wagon's Mathematica in Action (second edition; I haven't read the third edition and I'm hoping to eventually see it), demonstrates a nifty function called ...
45
votes
7answers
68k views

Assign the results from a Solve to variable(s)

I understand Mathematica can't assign the results of a Solve to the unknowns because there may be more than 1 solution. How can I assign the 4 values of following result to variables? ...
45
votes
5answers
19k views

Find eigen energies of time-independent Schrödinger equation

I'm trying to get the eigenvalues of a one dimensional time-independent Schrödinger equation, $-\frac{h^2}{2m_0}\frac{d^2\psi}{dx^2}+U(x)~\psi=Ei~\psi$ where U(x) is some potential and Ei is the ...
44
votes
8answers
10k views

About multi-root search in Mathematica for transcendental equations

I have some questions for multiroot search for transcendental equations. Is there any clever solution to find all the roots for a transcendental equation in a specific range? Perhaps ...
39
votes
5answers
2k views

Does Mathematica have a built-in tool that allows one to operate on both sides of an equation?

Geogebra has a very neat CAS view that allows one to solve an equation step by step in the following fashion: $\quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad \quad $ You type an equation and can ...
39
votes
3answers
11k views

How do I work with Root objects?

I want to solve the trigonometric equation : $$(3-\cos 4x )\cdot (\sin x - \cos x ) = 2.$$ I tried Solve[(3 - Cos[4*x])*(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) == 2, x] It returns the ...
36
votes
2answers
3k views

The Orbit and Perigee of the Flamsteed comet

Historical context This year we have the 330-th anniversary of the Battle of Vienna - one of the great formative events of European history, it took place on September 12, 1683. Kara Mustafa, Grand ...
33
votes
2answers
16k views

Marking points of intersection between two curves

I'm trying to illustrate the solutions numerically and graphically for an equation such as Tan[x] == x. I think I did everything ok except I wanted to mark each ...
31
votes
2answers
4k views

Nonlinear FEM Solver for Navier-Stokes equations in 2D

it's me again. I'm trying to obtain a numerical solution to Navier-Stokes equations in 2D in a non-rectangular region. So far, this guide was very helpful, but he is using finite differences, which is ...
30
votes
6answers
12k views

Finding the intersection of a curve with an interpolation function

There are no issues trying to find the intersection points of two defined curves. ...
29
votes
1answer
362 views

Solve slower in versions 9 and 10

With some systems of equations, Solve is much slower in versions 9 and 10 than in earlier versions, apparently because it is doing more simplification of the ...
27
votes
6answers
7k views

How to get intersection values from a parametric graph?

I have this graphed: ParametricPlot[{2.4*Cos[t] + 1.6*Cos[3 t/2], 2.4*Sin[t] - 1.6 Sin[3 t/2]}, {t, 0, 4*Pi}] It is a star, and the lines cross each other twice ...
27
votes
4answers
19k views

Finding unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for a given r(t)

For my Calc III class, I need to find $T(t), N(t)$, and $B(t)$ for $t=1, 2$, and $-1$, given $r(t)=\{t,t^2,t^3\}$. I've got Mathematica, but I've never used it before and I'm not sure how to coerce ...
27
votes
1answer
1k views

Fast calculation of discrete logarithms

Does Mathematica have any built-in fast algorithms for calculating discrete logarithms over $(\mathbb{Z}_p)^\times$ (the group of integers modulo $p$)? Essentially, for a fixed large prime ...
26
votes
2answers
2k views

Using the Krylov method for Solve: Speeding up a SparseArray calculation

I'm trying to implement this Total Variation Regularized Numerical Differentiation (TVDiff) code in Mathematica (which I found through this SO answer): essentially, I want to differentiate noisy data. ...
25
votes
3answers
7k views

How to find numerically all roots of a function in a given range?

It is common that I search numerically for all zeros (roots) of a function in a given range. I have written two simple minded functions that perform this task, and I know of similar functions on this ...
24
votes
4answers
2k views

Hightlight all the self-intersections of a Lissajous figure

This graph–also known as a Lissajous figure–contains so many self-intersections.How can I highlight them? ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

Using results of Reduce

Suppose I have function f: f[x_, y_] := 50000 + x 30000 + y 35000; Now I want to find the x and y when f[]<=200000. I use Reduce: ...
23
votes
1answer
2k views

Is Mathematica `ContourPlot` function really so efficient?

I wanted to find the roots of the function $f(x,y)=\sin(3.2x)\sin(1.3y)-2.1 \sin(1.3x)\sin(3.2y)$. This is what the function looks like: ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there any predictor-corrector method in Mathematica for solving nonlinear system of algebraic equations?

The FindRoot Function in Matheatica can easily be used to solve systems of nonlinear algebraic equations. But, I want to solve a system of nonlinear equations with variations of some parameters. ...
22
votes
1answer
919 views

Bug in Solve (Mathematica 9)

The issue seems to be fixed as of Version 10.1. Just came across the strangest bug under both Mathematica 9.0.0 and 9.0.1. If one enters: ...
21
votes
4answers
9k views

Find all roots of an interpolating function (solution to a differential equation)

I'm trying to find all the roots of the solution to a differential equation. Using NSolve or Reduce I don't get the roots, so I'm using an iterative method which I found in physicsforums.com. This ...
21
votes
2answers
8k views

Can Reduce *really* not solve for x here?

Sometimes I get the feeling I'm just flailing blindly with Mathematica. Is solving for $x$ in the equation $$ \frac{\cosh (x/2)}{x} = \sqrt{2} $$ really beyond the scope of Mathematica? I try to ...
21
votes
2answers
7k views

FindRoot Domain restriction

I am solving a system of four non-linear equations in four variables using FindRoot. I have some sense of the relationship between the variables so I don't want Mathematica to do its computations in ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I split up a curve into chords of equal length?

I have a curve that is defined as f[x] and what I'm attempting to do is to divide the curve into equal straight lengths for a number of segments of my choosing that I've defined as nSeg. I've created ...
20
votes
3answers
829 views

Partitioning a number into consecutive integers

Consider n=45; then $$1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9=45$$ $$5+6+7+8+9+10=45$$ $$7+8+9+10+11=45$$ $$14+15+16=45$$ $$22+23=45$$ Question: how to find all representations of a ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

Can Mathematica solve functional equations with nested variable?

First, inline free form input can solve these equations: But it seems no native Mathematica function can solve these, there is even an error page for equations of this form (nestdv). Now my ...
19
votes
6answers
17k views

How to get rid of warnings when using Solve on an equation with inexact coefficients?

When I solve this equation in Mathematica 8, I can get the right answer, but with some uncomfortable warnings. Equation: ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the algorithm details of FindRoot?

The Help page of FindRoot says: "by default, FindRoot uses Newton's method (Newton-Raphson) to solve a nonlinear system". But I ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I simulate this toggle mechanism?

I've been introduced to Mathematica very recently. Basically, I haven't actually "solved" anything in my Mathematica lifetime, but I've done some simulations. With my fractional knowledge, I tried ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Solve differential equation using a integral form boundary condition

I have a second order differential equation and I want to solve it analytically (DSolve) and numerically (NDSolve) with ...
18
votes
2answers
660 views

NDSolve uses different difference order for different spatial derivative when solving PDE

I found something this tutorial for method of line doesn't tell us. Consider the following toy example: ...
18
votes
2answers
956 views

Determining the default Method used in optimization and root-finding algorithms

Is it possible to extract the Method which is used in functions like NMinimize, FindRoot, <...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I find all the solutions of three simultaneous equations within a given box?

Sometimes, one needs to find all the solutions of three simultaneous nonlinear equations in three unknowns $$\begin{align*}f(x,y,z)&=0\\g(x,y,z)&=0\\h(x,y,z)&=0\end{align*}$$ within a ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

Quiet doesn't work with FindRoot when using Brent method

Bug introduced in 9.0.1 or earlier and persisting through 12.0 or later The following has no solution: FindRoot[x == 1, {x, 0.25, 0, 0.5}] And Mathematica ...
17
votes
5answers
3k views

Solve symbolically a transcendental trigonometric equation and plot its solutions

I currently have the equation below for a beam with a hinge at various locations, the variable a can vary between 0 and 0.5. $$ Tan\left( {a\sqrt \alpha } \right) + Tan\left\{ {\left( {1 - a} \right)\...
17
votes
3answers
9k views

Solving a time-dependent Schrödinger equation

I want to solve the time-dependent Schrödinger equation: $$ i\partial_t \psi(t) = H(t)\psi(t)$$ for matrix, time-dependent $H(t)$ and vector $\psi$. What is an efficient way of doing this so that ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Numerically solve the initial value problem for the 1-D wave equation

I want to solve the standard 1-dimensional wave equation $y_{xx}=y_{tt}$ using NDSolve (for $y(x,t)$) with the following conditions: ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

Error entering equation in DSolve

I entered a command incorrectly as follows: DSolve[{y'[x]=y[x]},y[x],x] I am now experiencing: ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Getting an InterpolatingFunction from a ContourPlot

I have a function, say minimizeme[Ω_][β_][ϵ_] = ϵ^2 Ω - Log[2 (Cosh[2 β] + Cosh[2 β ϵ])]/(2 β); I want to find its critical points in $\epsilon$ for a given ...
17
votes
1answer
460 views

What Method options does FindInstance accept?

While answering Trouble getting FindInstance to return multiple results for certain constraints it became clear that for this problem FindInstance would be better ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

How to make a Line[] with no end?

I'm trying to do this: In this graph, the secant points are aproximated in order to become the tangent, it seems I need some kind of function which plots a line based on two points and it's points ...
16
votes
3answers
980 views

Solve a trig equation system

Background of the problem In the same plane, P is a fixed point, A,B,C are moving point, PA=a, PB=b, PC=c, find the maximize perimeter of △ABC. let ∠BPC=A, ∠CPA=B, ∠APB=2*Pi-A-B, then the perimeter ...
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Implement the Bisection algorithm elegantly and easily

Description: Rencently, I have finished my course Numerical Analysis, so I'd like to implement many algorithm that I have learned from that course.By this practice, I hope that I can improve my ...
16
votes
2answers
349 views

Backslide in NSolve in V11.1?

Bug introduced in 11.1.0 and persisting through 11.1.1 In V11.1, NSolve[BesselJ[0, x] == 0 && 0 < x < 20, x] returns no solutions: But in V11.0 (...
16
votes
2answers
553 views

Solution diverges in periodic PDE

Problem introduced in 11.0.1 and persisting through 11.3 Mathematica version 11 introduces PeriodicBoundaryCondition which is very useful in solving periodic PDE ...
16
votes
2answers
694 views

How to implement Bresenham’s algorithm as a system of equations?

Bresenham's line drawing algorithm is usually implemented via loops. But in Mathematica we can take advantage of its ability to solve Diophantine equations. From educational viewpoint it is quite ...
15
votes
2answers
21k views

Figuring when the minute and hour hand coincide on a clock

I would like to list all possible times in a 12-hour period, where the hour hand overlaps the minute hand completely. This is really a question about three distinct things - to be done in Mathematica ...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

How to get exact roots of this polynomial?

The equation $$ 64x^7 -112x^5 -8x^4 +56x^3 +8x^2 -7x - 1 = 0 $$ has seven solutions $x = 1$, $x = -\dfrac{1}{2}$ and $x = \cos \dfrac{2n\pi}{11}$, where $n$ runs from $1$ to $5$. With ...