# Questions tagged [calculus-and-analysis]

Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

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### Finding unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for a given r(t)

For my Calc III class, I need to find $T(t), N(t)$, and $B(t)$ for $t=1, 2$, and $-1$, given $r(t)=\{t,t^2,t^3\}$. I've got Mathematica, but I've never used it before and I'm not sure how to coerce ...
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### Double series over primes

I'm very curious if the following double series over primes has a closed form: $$\sum_{k \in \mathcal{P}}\sum_{n \in \mathcal{P}}\frac{1}{k\;n(k+n)^2}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ denotes the set of all ...
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### Derivative of conjugate multivariate function

I have a problem with Mathematica, taking the derivative of the conjugate of some function. I know that a similar question has been posed before here, but the solution did not work for multivariate ...
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### What exactly does GenerateConditions do?

Consider for example this strange behavior: Integrate[1/x, {x, 0, Infinity}, GenerateConditions -> False] (*0*) I'd also like to know the difference between <...
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### Integrating a real function I get a complex value, while after variable transformation the result is real. Bug?

I have the following integral: Integrate[1/Sqrt[0.7 + 0.3*(1 + z)^3], {z, 0, ∞}, Assumptions -> z ∈ Reals] >> -3.36354 - 3.85013 I The output is complex, ...
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### How does Mathematica understand branchcuts of the complex logarithm?

Say I have the function $f(x) = x \tanh(\pi x) \log (x^2 +a^2)$ where $a$ is some positive real number. Then it seems to be me that Mathematica when given such a ...
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### Implementing discrete and continuous Hilbert transforms

What is an efficient and accurate Mathematica implementation of the Hilbert transform, for both continuous and especially discretely sampled functions? This transform relates phase and amplitude in ...
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### How to deal with complicated Gaussian integrals in Mathematica?

As we know, for most Gaussian integrals, we can get the analytical result. Now I have many Gaussian integrals to treat, which have the following general form, ...
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### How to make a Line[] with no end?

I'm trying to do this: In this graph, the secant points are aproximated in order to become the tangent, it seems I need some kind of function which plots a line based on two points and it's points ...
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### Step-by-step definite integration

I am interested in obtaining the intermediate steps for rather straightforward symbolic definite integrations (e.g., from an elementary calculus text). As an example, for $\int_0^1 x\,dx$ I'd like ...
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### Graphically approximating the area under a curve as a sum of rectangular regions

I am completely new to Mathematica. Basically I was trying to write a code to plot a function and draw the approximate area by rectangles. To be more precise, plot a function ...
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### Can we teach Mathematica about functional differentiation?

The key relation for functional differentiation is $$\frac{\delta}{\delta f(y)}f(x)=\delta(x-y),$$ where $\delta(x-y)$ is the Dirac delta function, and the usual properties of differentiation (e.g. ...
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### Bug in mathematica analytic integration?

Bug introduced in 9.0 or earlier and fixed in 13.0 or earlier I found Mathematica provides me a wrong answer for a relatively simple analytically solvable integral: ...
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### how to simplify symbolic integration

The following is the code: ...
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### Simplifying the derivative of $|x|$

Context In:= D[Abs[x], x] /. x -> 1 Out= Derivative[Abs] In:= D[x, x] /. x -> 1 Out= 1 Question Why is ... 1k views

### Inverting a function in a certain region

InverseFunction works well for globally invertible functions, like f = 2*# + 2 &; InverseFunction[f] ...
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### When to use GenerateConditions -> True

Many functions, usuallly those involving integration, take a GenerateConditions option which often defaults to False, or at ...
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### Using implicit differentiation to find a line that is tangent to a curve at a point

A few days ago I asked about using differentiation to find a line that is tangent to a curve at a given point. J.M. provided a very elegant way to solve these kinds of problems in Mathematica. Now I'...
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### Plot a 2D vector path onto a surface

In my calculus 3 course, we're studying gradients and have a project that takes a combination of 3D Gaussian radial surfaces and a basic parametric path $r(t) = \{x(t),y(t)\}$ to see how the gradient ...
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### Finding the centroid of the area between two curves

When I have an area bounded by curves, is there a built-in way to find the center of the area? Or do I have to plot it first and then use ComponentMeasurements on ...
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### Incorrect results for elementary integrals when using Integrate

There is a rather simple integral ($K_0$ is the 0-th order MacDonald function) $$\int_0^\infty e^{-x \cosh\xi}\, d\xi = K_0(x)$$ which mathematica cannot solve. This even though the documentation ...
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### Replace rule with function? Derivatives don't evaluate

Say I have an expression (call it expr) involving a function, f[x]. I'd like to be able to evaluate that for a particular choice of ...
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### Limit of partial sums involving inverse squares

Consider the finite sum rs[x_, n_] := x/n Sum[n^2/(i + (n - i) x)^2, {i, 1, n}] Is there a way to bring Mathematica to calculate the limit for ...
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### How to find the nth derivative?

This question is not the same as my last one. How do you find the $n$-th derivative where $n$ is a variable? For example, you can find the nth derivative for a specific $n = 3$ ...
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### Creating the Nabla operator (also known as Del operator) as an operator

How can I define the nabla operator (also known as Del operator) as a an operator, acting on everything to the right of the operator! Also taking \[Del]^2 would ...