Questions tagged [calculus-and-analysis]

Questions related to the calculus and analysis branches of Mathematica, including, but not limited to, limits, derivatives, integrals, series, and residues.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
32
votes
4answers
23k views

Finding unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for a given r(t)

For my Calc III class, I need to find $T(t), N(t)$, and $B(t)$ for $t=1, 2$, and $-1$, given $r(t)=\{t,t^2,t^3\}$. I've got Mathematica, but I've never used it before and I'm not sure how to coerce ...
33
votes
4answers
8k views

Usage of Assuming for Integration

For some reason, when I enter the following integration in Mathematica Assuming[{k ∈ Integers}, Integrate[ Exp[ I k t], {t, -π, π}]] the result turns out to be 0....
65
votes
5answers
20k views

Multivariable Taylor expansion does not work as expected

The basic multivariable Taylor expansion formula around a point is as follows: $$ f(\mathbf r + \mathbf a) = f(\mathbf r) + (\mathbf a \cdot \nabla )f(\mathbf r) + \frac{1}{2!}(\mathbf a \cdot \nabla)...
56
votes
6answers
5k views

Generating evenly spaced points on a curve

In the KnotData package a simple command such as points = Table[KnotData[{3, 1}, "SpaceCurve"][t], {t, 0, 2 Pi, 0.1}]; will ...
19
votes
2answers
6k views

How to make traditional output for derivatives

Hello again after some pause. i have a problem how to present partial derivatives in traditional form, not as Mathematica gave it to me in its notation. So I want to present this ...
42
votes
2answers
21k views

How to calculate contour integrals with Mathematica?

How to calculate the integral of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{4 z^2 + 4 z + 3}}$ over the unit circle counterclockwise for each branch of the integrand?
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does Integrate declare a convergent integral divergent?

When I try this command Integrate[1/Sqrt[(s^2 - u)^2 - 1], {s, m, Infinity}, Assumptions -> u > 2 && m > 10] Mathematica declares that the ...
22
votes
2answers
21k views

Quick Hessian matrix and gradient calculation?

I am absolutely new to Mathematica and I actually want to try implementing a little optimization method . Long story short assuming I have a predefined two-variable function f(x,y) I want to ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Using D to find a symbolic derivative

I need to do the following: Define a function Take the derivative of this function and have a look at the symoblic representation Substitute in some values With the bonus that I want to use the ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

sliding a tangent line along a curve

I am confused by Dynamic. I am trying to slide a tangent line along a curve, without using DynamicModule, so that I can include ...
31
votes
2answers
1k views

Symbolic derivatives are being calculated numerically

Update: (1) By V11, not sure of the exact version, the derivative IntegerPart' has been given a symbolic definition. (2) The numeric derivative computed has changed ...
21
votes
3answers
10k views

How can I implement the method of Lagrange multipliers to find constrained extrema?

I want to form the function $h=f-\lambda_{1}g_{1}-\lambda_{2}g_{2}$ where $f$ is the function to optimize subject to the constraints $g_{1}=0$ and $g_{2}=0$ so that I can solve the first partial ...
15
votes
2answers
16k views

How to specify assumptions before evaluation?

If I request mathematica evaluate an integral for me, I'll often get a more general ConditionalExpression than I want. Example : ...
14
votes
2answers
8k views

Paths integrals in the complex plane

I can't find how to calculate path integrals of complex functions in the complex plane. For example: $$\oint_{\mid z \mid =2}\frac{1-e^z+z}{z^3 (z-1)^2}dz$$
19
votes
1answer
5k views

How does Mathematica integrate?

Basically, this question can be considered to be an extenstion to my other question. What I wanted to do was this integral as homework (it is indefinite BTW so no approximations using Simpson's Rule ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Plot showing discontinuity where it shouldn't

I was trying to integrate a continuous function with a kink and I did it two ways and both ways the plot of the result shows a discontinuity. I also later want to differentiate the Integrated function....
8
votes
3answers
584 views

How to do algebra on unevaluated integrals?

I am working with functions calculated from a set of general basis functions. ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

Getting an InterpolatingFunction from a ContourPlot

I have a function, say minimizeme[Ω_][β_][ϵ_] = ϵ^2 Ω - Log[2 (Cosh[2 β] + Cosh[2 β ϵ])]/(2 β); I want to find its critical points in $\epsilon$ for a given ...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

Double series over primes

I'm very curious if the following double series over primes has a closed form: $$\sum_{k \in \mathcal{P}}\sum_{n \in \mathcal{P}}\frac{1}{k\;n(k+n)^2}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ denotes the set of all ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Derivative of conjugate multivariate function

I have a problem with Mathematica, taking the derivative of the conjugate of some function. I know that a similar question has been posed before here, but the solution did not work for multivariate ...
11
votes
1answer
370 views

What exactly does GenerateConditions do?

Consider for example this strange behavior: Integrate[1/x, {x, 0, Infinity}, GenerateConditions -> False] (*0*) I'd also like to know the difference between <...
28
votes
3answers
4k views

How to deal with complicated Gaussian integrals in Mathematica?

As we know, for most Gaussian integrals, we can get the analytical result. Now I have many Gaussian integrals to treat, which have the following general form, ...
28
votes
4answers
11k views

Implementing discrete and continuous Hilbert transforms

What is an efficient and accurate Mathematica implementation of the Hilbert transform, for both continuous and especially discretely sampled functions? This transform relates phase and amplitude in ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

How to make a Line[] with no end?

I'm trying to do this: In this graph, the secant points are aproximated in order to become the tangent, it seems I need some kind of function which plots a line based on two points and it's points ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Higher-order partial derivatives w.r.t. variable raised to some power

This is a follow-up question to Differentiate w.r.t. squared variable. I want to be able to compute partial derivatives of the form $$\partial_{x^n}^m \, f(x) = \frac{\partial^m}{\partial^m x^n} \, f(...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

Step-by-step definite integration

I am interested in obtaining the intermediate steps for rather straightforward symbolic definite integrations (e.g., from an elementary calculus text). As an example, for $\int_0^1 x\,dx$ I'd like ...
13
votes
5answers
3k views

Graphically approximating the area under a curve as a sum of rectangular regions

I am completely new to Mathematica. Basically I was trying to write a code to plot a function and draw the approximate area by rectangles. To be more precise, plot a function ...
27
votes
2answers
4k views

How does Mathematica understand branchcuts of the complex logarithm?

Say I have the function $f(x) = x \tanh(\pi x) \log (x^2 +a^2)$ where $a$ is some positive real number. Then it seems to be me that Mathematica when given such a ...
28
votes
3answers
4k views

Can we teach Mathematica about functional differentiation?

The key relation for functional differentiation is $$\frac{\delta}{\delta f(y)}f(x)=\delta(x-y), $$ where $\delta(x-y)$ is the Dirac delta function, and the usual properties of differentiation (e.g. ...
35
votes
2answers
2k views

Bug in mathematica analytic integration?

I found Mathematica provides me a wrong answer for a relatively simple analytically solvable integral: ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

how to simplify symbolic integration

The following is the code: ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Simplifying the derivative of $|x|$

Context In[855]:= D[Abs[x], x] /. x -> 1 Out[855]= Derivative[1][Abs][1] In[856]:= D[x, x] /. x -> 1 Out[856]= 1 Question Why is ...
9
votes
1answer
240 views

When to use GenerateConditions -> True

Many functions, usuallly those involving integration, take a GenerateConditions option which often defaults to False, or at ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Inverting a function in a certain region

InverseFunction works well for globally invertible functions, like f = 2*# + 2 &; InverseFunction[f] ...
26
votes
3answers
6k views

Visualizing a Complex Vector Field near Poles

I've been playing around with a visualization technique for complex functions where one views the function $f: \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ as the vector field $f: \mathbb{R^2} \rightarrow \...
13
votes
4answers
8k views

How to plot and find the volume of a solid?

How to plot and find the volume of the solid enclosed between the paraboloid z=5(x^2+y^2) and z=6-7x^2-y^2 And the answer of ...
11
votes
2answers
8k views

Equation of a line that is tangent to a curve at point

A common problem in the derivative section of calculus texts is "find the equation of the line that is tangent to the curve $y = \ldots$ at the point $P$." To find the line that is tangent to $y = 2 ...
5
votes
5answers
5k views

Using implicit differentiation to find a line that is tangent to a curve at a point

A few days ago I asked about using differentiation to find a line that is tangent to a curve at a given point. J.M. provided a very elegant way to solve these kinds of problems in Mathematica. Now I'...
13
votes
2answers
656 views

What is the best way to define Wirtinger derivatives

Wirtinger derivatives ( also called Cauchy operators) in complex analysis are widely used tools. They are defined in the case of one dimensional complex plane as follows $$\frac{\partial}{\partial z}=...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Why aren't these additions of integrals and summations equal?

I have the following code: Simplify[Integrate[f[x] + g[x], x] == Integrate[f[x], x] + Integrate[g[x], x]] To test: $$\int{\left(f(x) + g(x)\right)dx}=\int{f(x)...
6
votes
3answers
436 views

Integrating a real function I get a complex value, while after variable transformation the result is real. Bug?

I have the following integral: Integrate[1/Sqrt[0.7 + 0.3*(1 + z)^3], {z, 0, ∞}, Assumptions -> z ∈ Reals] >> -3.36354 - 3.85013 I The output is complex, ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Plot a 2D vector path onto a surface

In my calculus 3 course, we're studying gradients and have a project that takes a combination of 3D Gaussian radial surfaces and a basic parametric path $r(t) = \{x(t),y(t)\}$ to see how the gradient ...
14
votes
6answers
9k views

Finding the centroid of the area between two curves

When I have an area bounded by curves, is there a built-in way to find the center of the area? Or do I have to plot it first and then use ComponentMeasurements on ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Incorrect results for elementary integrals when using Integrate

There is a rather simple integral ($K_0$ is the 0-th order MacDonald function) $$\int_0^\infty e^{-x \cosh\xi}\, d\xi = K_0(x)$$ which mathematica cannot solve. This even though the documentation ...
9
votes
5answers
648 views

Limit of partial sums involving inverse squares

Consider the finite sum rs[x_, n_] := x/n Sum[n^2/(i + (n - i) x)^2, {i, 1, n}] Is there a way to bring Mathematica to calculate the limit for ...
15
votes
3answers
13k views

How to find the nth derivative?

This question is not the same as my last one. How do you find the $n$-th derivative where $n$ is a variable? For example, you can find the nth derivative for a specific $n = 3$ ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

Replace rule with function? Derivatives don't evaluate

Say I have an expression (call it expr) involving a function, f[x]. I'd like to be able to evaluate that for a particular choice of ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Creating the Nabla operator (also known as Del operator) as an operator

How can I define the nabla operator (also known as Del operator) as a an operator, acting on everything to the right of the operator! Also taking \[Del]^2 would ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculating volume between two surfaces of revolution

Once again, I'm very new to Mathematica and winging it as I go. I probably don't have the math education at this point to even justify buying it in the first place, but that's off topic. I wanted to ...
14
votes
1answer
540 views

How to code around known MMa special-case failures?

Fourier Analysis and Signal Processing often require these integrals on functions f[x] that won't be known in advance. ...

1
2 3 4 5
14