# Implicit Equality and RegionPlot

I have the following problem:

I would like to do a RegionPlot like

RegionPlot[F[x,z,y]<1,{x,0,1},{y,0,1}]


The problem is that the variable z is an implicit (and not reducable via e.g. Solve, meaning too non-linear) but continuous function of x and y, for example

G[x,y,z]==0.


The functions F and G are well-defined. Would anyone know how to solve this issue in a general way?

• Is G[x,y,z] == 0 algebraic or transcendental? – J. M. will be back soon Aug 21 '12 at 10:21
• There is no general way. You have to restrict smoehow G and F. You can find some related ideas from the answers to this question : mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/8536/… – Artes Aug 21 '12 at 10:45

You can define the implicit solution for z

bigG[x_?NumberQ, y_?NumberQ] :=  FindRoot[Sin[x + z] + Cos[y + z] == 0, {z, \[Pi]}][[1, 2]]


and then use it in the your F :

bigF[x_?NumberQ, y_?NumberQ] = x^2 + y^2 + 2 x y bigG[x, y]

RegionPlot[bigF[x, y] < 1, {x, 0, 1}, {y, 0, 1}] • easy, quick and nice solution. thanks a lot! – user2085 Aug 21 '12 at 10:13
• @user2085 welcome to Mathematica.SE. You now have the "reputation" points needed to vote for this answer; please make use if it (since you find it helpful). – Mr.Wizard Aug 21 '12 at 11:02
• @Silvia The post did not specify what F,G were so I just made up a quick example for illustration. In particular I am taking the root close to Pi; in this case 0.45^2 + 0.45^2 + 2 0.45 0.45 bigG[0.45, 0.45] = 1.17701 so it seems correct that there is a hole at those coordinates. – b.gates.you.know.what Aug 22 '12 at 16:07
• @b.gatessucks I see. I think I misunderstood your code:) comment revoked and +1. – Silvia Aug 22 '12 at 16:33
• @Silvia Thanks for checking. – b.gates.you.know.what Aug 22 '12 at 16:39

For surface $G(x,y,z)=0$ which is bounded in $z$ direction on $(x,y)\in[0,1]\times[0,1]$, by specifying large enough $z$-interval, ContourPlot3D with the option RegionFunction can be used to generate the required region graphics.

Take $G(x,y,z)=x^3+y^3+z^3-20$ and $F(x,y,z)=30-(x-2)^4-(y-0.5)^4-0.8 (z-0.5)^4$ as an example.

graph = ContourPlot3D[
x^3 + y^3 + z^3 - 20 == 0,
{x, -3, 3}, {y, -3, 3}, {z, -5, 5},
RegionFunction -> Function[{x, y, z},
30 - (x - 2)^4 - (y - .5)^4 - .8 (z - .5)^4 < 1],
BoundaryStyle -> None, Mesh -> None,
PlotPoints -> 50] Then convert the 3D graphics to 2D one:

Graphics[{##}[],
PlotRange -> All, Frame -> True, Axes -> False,
Sequence @@ Rest[{##}]] & @@
DeleteCases[graph /.
GraphicsComplex[pts_, others__] :>
GraphicsComplex[pts[[All, 1 ;; 2]], others] /.
Polygon[pts_] :>
Sequence[FaceForm[{Lighter[Blue, .8]}], EdgeForm[{Lighter[Blue, .8]}], Polygon[pts]],
_?(MatchQ[#,
(VertexNormals -> _) | (BoxRatios -> _) | (PlotRangePadding -> _) | (PlotRange -> _)
] &), \[Infinity]] Note: for an unbounded $G(x,y,z)$, it will be much harder to determine whether a point $(x,y)$ satisfies the region condition, and I suppose, as Artes said, impossible to find a general way.