# How can I avoid getting the message Solve::ratnz?

My function is

(* condição para o valor de b0 *)

σ = 0.6 ;

minroot[g_?NumericQ, b_?NumericQ] :=
Module[{rts, r},
rts = r /.
Solve[1 - (b/r)^2 -
g^-2*(2/15*σ^9 (1/(r - 1)^9 - 1/(r + 1)^9 -
9/(8 r) (1/(r - 1)^8 -
1/(r + 1)^8)) - σ^3 (1/(r - 1)^3 -
1/(r + 1)^3 - 3/(2 r) (1/(r - 1)^2 - 1/(r + 1)^2))) ==
0, r];
rts = Select[rts, With[{nval = N[#, 100]}, Im[nval] == 0 && nval > 0] &];
Max[rts]];

rootmin[g_?NumberQ] :=
Module[{Rrmts, b},
Rrmts = b /.
FindRoot[Re[aA[g, b, 5]] == 0, {b, 1, 2}, Method -> "Brent"];
Rrmts];

(* angulo de espalhamento *)
aA[g_?NumberQ, b_?NumberQ, i_] :=
Pi - 2 b  NIntegrate[
1/(r^2*Sqrt[
1 - (b/r)^2 -
g^-2*(2/15*σ^9 (1/(r - 1)^9 - 1/(r + 1)^9 -
9/(8 r) (1/(r - 1)^8 -
1/(r + 1)^8)) - σ^3 (1/(r - 1)^3 -
1/(r + 1)^3 -
3/(2 r) (1/(r - 1)^2 - 1/(r + 1)^2)))]), {r,
minroot[g, b], Infinity},
Exclusions -> {r^2*
Sqrt[1 - (b/r)^2 -
g^-2*(2/
15*σ^9 (1/(r - 1)^9 - 1/(r + 1)^9 -
9/(8 r) (1/(r - 1)^8 -
1/(r + 1)^8)) - σ^3 (1/(r - 1)^3 -
1/(r + 1)^3 -
3/(2 r) (1/(r - 1)^2 - 1/(r + 1)^2)))] == 0},
MaxRecursion -> i,
Method -> {Automatic, "SymbolicProcessing" -> 0}];


When I evaluate

rootmin[0.3]


I get

Solve::ratnz: Solve was unable to solve the system with inexact coefficients. The answer was obtained by solving a corresponding exact system and numericizing the result.

but when I evaluate

rootmin[0.4]

1.95804


I still get some errors, but I get a result.

Why? I want to evaluate rootmin[0.1], for example, and I can't.

• I get a bunch of different errors as well: NIntegrate::inumr, FindRoot::nlnum etc. Also, in the definition aA, you use minroot[g,b]; Is it the same as rootmin[g,b]? – Mahdi May 12 '15 at 21:12
• @Mahdi, minroot[g,b] is a value of r , and rootmin[g,b] is a value of b , so they are differents ... do you have an ideia of all this errrors ? – Lucas G Leite F Pollito May 13 '15 at 12:16
• Please edit the question and give a definition for your function minroot. – m_goldberg Aug 26 '15 at 8:20
• @m_goldberg , sorry ... now its ok ... any ideas ? – Lucas G Leite F Pollito Aug 26 '15 at 16:02
• I hope this question will be reopened. Now that you have supplied a definition for minroot, it is pretty clear what your problem is, and I have an answer I would like to post. – m_goldberg Aug 26 '15 at 18:54

The first thing I did was to rationalizing all calculations, starting with the defintion of σ and minroot. This stops the Solve::ratnz messages. I also made some other improvements to minroot.

σ = 6/10;

minroot[gg_?NumericQ, bb_?NumericQ] :=
Module[{b, g, rts, r},
b = Rationalize[bb, 0];
g = Rationalize[gg, 0];
rts = r /.
Solve[
1 - (b/r)^2 -
g^-2*(2/15*σ^9 (1/(r - 1)^9 - 1/(r + 1)^9 -
9/(8 r) (1/(r - 1)^8 - 1/(r + 1)^8)) - σ^3 (1/(r - 1)^3 -
1/(r + 1)^3 - 3/(2 r) (1/(r - 1)^2 - 1/(r + 1)^2))) == 0,
r];
Max[Select[rts, Im[#] == 0 && # > 0 &]]]


The definition of aA is more or less untouched.

aA[g_?NumberQ, b_?NumberQ, i_] :=
(Pi - 2 b
NIntegrate[
1/(r^2* Sqrt[
1 - (b/r)^2 -
g^(-2)*
(2/15*σ^9 (1/(r - 1)^9 - 1/(r + 1)^9 - 9/(8 r) *
(1/(r - 1)^8 - 1/(r + 1)^8)) -
σ^3 (1/(r - 1)^3 -1/(r + 1)^3 -3/(2 r) *
(1/(r - 1)^2 - 1/(r + 1)^2)))]),
{r, minroot[g, b], ∞},
Exclusions ->
{r^2*Sqrt[1 - (b/r)^2 -
g^(-2)*
(2/15*σ^9 (1/(r - 1)^9 - 1/(r + 1)^9 - 9/(8 r) *
(1/(r - 1)^8 - 1/(r + 1)^8)) -
σ^3 (1/(r - 1)^3 - 1/(r + 1)^3 - 3/(2 r) *
(1/(r - 1)^2 - 1/(r + 1)^2)))] == 0},
MaxRecursion -> i,
Method -> {Automatic, "SymbolicProcessing" -> False}])


A plot of aA over the interval [1, 2] for several values of g shows the problem with small values of g.

Plot[Evaluate[Re[aA[#, b, 5]]& /@ #], {b, 1, 2},
PlotPoints -> 5,
PlotRange -> {-.25, 2.25},
PlotLegends -> Evaluate[( Style[Row[{"g = ", #}], 12]&) /@ #],
AspectRatio -> 1,
ImageSize -> Medium]&[{.1, .3, .36, .4}] We now know why rootmin fails for g < .36116; however, using the version of minroot shown above, rootmin produces no messages for values of g >= .36116. I do recommend simplifying it as shown below.

rootmin[g_?NumberQ] :=
Module[{b},
b /. FindRoot[Re[aA[g, b, 5]] == 0, {b, 1, 2}, Method -> "Brent"]]


Now we look at

rootmin[.36116]

2.


It is the critical point because it is where the zero of the real part of aA falls right at the end of the interval [1, 2].