# Apply a list to a summation expression

I've gotten unexpected (at least to my novice eyes) application of a list of values to a Sum expression where the variable for imax is also used in the expression summed. For example:

n={10,100,1000,10000}

N[Sum[(i+1)/n^2,{i,1,n}]]


yields:

{{0.65, 51.5, 5015., 500150.}, {0.0065, 0.515, 50.15,5001.5},
{0.000065, 0.00515, 0.5015, 50.015}, {6.5*10^-7, 0.0000515,0.005015, 0.50015}}


when I was expecting:

{0.65, 0.515, 0.5015, 0.50015}


The two workarounds I've found to get my expected solution were to

(1) create a function for the summation and SetAttributes to Listable, eg.

f[x_]:=N[Sum[(i+1)/n^2,{i,1,n}]];
SetAttributes[f,Listable]


or

(2) first evaluate the expression to be summed symbolically, then apply the list

b=Sum[(i+1)/n^2,{i,1,n}]

(3 + n)/(2 n)

n={10,100,1000,10000}

N[b]

{0.65, 0.515, 0.5015, 0.50015}


Is it normal for Mathematica to apply the list as initially shown? If so, why, and is there a better way to achieve my solution than the two ways I've found?

• Yes, this is the expected behavior. Try to write 1/{1,2,3,4,5} and see what the result is. Then try {1,2,3,4,5}+{6,7,8,9,10}. These two examples show why the result is what it is in your care. – C. E. Apr 9 '15 at 22:20
• @Pickett Thanks for the response. However, both your examples give me the response I expect, applying each value in the list once. But applying a list to the Sum function seems to iterate the list values across the Sum function. It's not clear to me why it's doing that. – BCott Apr 10 '15 at 17:15
• @Shutao Tang Thanks for the answer, particularly showing the use of the Tr function. – BCott Apr 10 '15 at 17:28
• @BCott, You are welcome. – xyz Apr 11 '15 at 6:23

You can use the Map function directly:

f[n_] := N[Sum[(i + 1)/n^2, {i, 1, n}]];
n= {10, 100, 1000, 10000};
f /@ n(**or Map[f, n])

{0.65, 0.515, 0.5015, 0.50015}


Or

Tr[
N[Sum[(i+1)/n^2,{i,1,n}]],List]

{0.65, 0.515, 0.5015, 0.50015}