# Symmetric group action on polynomials

I am working with polynomials in several variables with the obvious action of $S_n$. That is, given a polynomial $f$ in the variables $x_1, \dots, x_n$, a permutation $\sigma \in S_n$ acts on $f$ by sending $x_i$ to $x_{\sigma(i)}$.

What I would like to do is to give Mathematica a polynomial, for example

$x_1^2x_2 + x_3$

and have it compute the image of this under the action of a particular element. For example, if I gave it $(123)$ it would output

$x_2^2x_3 + x_1$.

Thanks!

• Have you tried anything? This is basic and intrinsic functionality...
– ciao
Apr 8, 2015 at 2:57
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This should be a start.

groupElementAction[expr_, vars_, perm_] /;

Length[perm] == Length[vars] && PermutationListQ[perm] :=

expr /. Thread[vars -> Permute[vars, perm]]


That example:

groupElementAction[x1^2*x2 + x3, {x1, x2, x3}, {2, 3, 1}]

(* Out[131]= x2 + x1 x3^2 *)


With some tweaking it can be made to handle the explicit cycle form of permutation group elements.

• Thank you very much. This has been very helpful. I changed the last line to be "...Permute[vars,Cycles[{perm}]]" and that seems to accept cycle notation Apr 8, 2015 at 3:40