ExampleData is evaluated, Mathematica downloads data from a Wolfram Research Data server. What's the exact domain of this, though? I bet it's something.wolfram.com?
Using Charles proxy, I was able see that
With Charles recording, I ran
and it gave me this.
Easy work around without needing to figure out URL Remove all symbols used for retrieving example data from the Context
This will permit you still to access the other Paclets data like for example CityData etc..
(PS: stop playing with the images now, hi,hi,hi)