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How can I define a function which depends on a function of x? Something like this

f[u[x]_,u[x]']= u[x]' + a [x] u[x] +b[x]

I think I wasn't enaugh clear. If I define this function:

f[x_]=x^2

and I put x = a + b I obtain:

f[a + b] // Expand
a^2 + b^2 + 2ab

Now I want to define something similar for a function:

f[u[x]_, x] = D[u[x], x] + a[x]u[x]

And for I put this in input

 f[z[x]u[x], x]

I want to obtain for the output

z[x]'u[x]+z[x]u[x]'+a[x]z[x]u[x]

Is it possible? Or I can only define the differential operator?:

diff1 = D[#, x] + a[x]# &
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  • $\begingroup$ something like f[u_[x_]] := x, but defining a function that takes as a second argument the derivative of the first is more involved. $\endgroup$ – acl Feb 28 '15 at 19:12
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    $\begingroup$ a more detailed example of what you are trying to do might be helpful $\endgroup$ – george2079 Feb 28 '15 at 19:47
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    $\begingroup$ @ame_math Consider the definition f[g_, x_] := g[x] + g'[x]. On calling f you need to use the function g as a pure function. Expample: f[Cos[#]&,x] (* Cos[x] - Sin[x] *) $\endgroup$ – Dr. Wolfgang Hintze Feb 28 '15 at 21:16
  • $\begingroup$ If you define f as f[u_, x_] := D[u[x], x] + a[x] u[x] and evaluate f[u[#] z[#] &, x], you will get a[x] u[x] z[x] + z[x] u′[x] + u[x] z′[x], which I believe is what you are looking for. $\endgroup$ – m_goldberg Mar 1 '15 at 0:36
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This works:

f[u_, x_] := D[u, x] + a[x] u

By way of explanation, everything is an expression, and there is nothing particularly special about functions. You and I know that this definition doesn't have lot of meaning for objects "u" that aren't functions, but Mathematica doesn't need to know that u is a function.

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On the assumption that you have defined the functions u[x], a[x] and b[x] elsewhere, you can define a function as follows:

f[x_] := u'[x] + a[x] u[x] + b[x]

However, I recommend you read through the documentation on defining functions.

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  • $\begingroup$ And if I defined only a[x] and not u[x] and u[x]', I suppose that u[x] is an rbitrary function, it could be also a product of functions u[x]=z[x]u[x]. $\endgroup$ – ame_math Feb 28 '15 at 18:00
  • $\begingroup$ The question is not entirely clear to me yet, either, but perhaps this is what you meant: f[u_, x_] := D[u, {x, 1}] + a[x] D[u, {x, 0}] + b[x] $\endgroup$ – TransferOrbit Feb 28 '15 at 20:16
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I am still not sure of what you want but attempting to be helpful:

f[u[x] p_, x] := D[u[x] p, x] + a[x] u[x] p

f[z[x] u[x], x]
a[x] u[x] z[x] + z[x] Derivative[1][u][x] + u[x] Derivative[1][z][x]

Which formats as:

$a(x) u(x) z(x)+z(x) u'(x)+u(x) z'(x)$

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