# How to join several list interleaving with some fixed list between?

How to join several list putting some fixed list between?

Like this

MyJoin[{{a,b},{c,d},{e,f}},{x}]


giving

{a, b, x, c, d, x, e, f}


This is like join with connector.

You can use Riffle and Join:

MyJoin[list_,glue_] := Join @@ Riffle[list, {glue}]


or as a pure function

MyJoin = Join @@ Riffle[#, {#2}] &

• The exhibited function does not work for the example shown in the question. This is because Riffle interprets a list in the second argument as a cyclic replacement specification. The second argument must be wrapped in a list to work around this interpretation: MyJoin[list_,glue_] := Join @@ Riffle[list, {glue}] or MyJoin = Join @@ Riffle[#, {#2}] &. – WReach Jan 4 '15 at 22:22
• @WReach Oh, good catch, thanks a lot! – Martin Ender Jan 4 '15 at 22:26

You can also use this:

MyJoin = Flatten@*Riffle;

MyJoin[{{a, b}, {c, d}, {e, f}}, {x}]
(*{a, b, x, c, d, x, e, f}*)


As Martin Büttner pointed out, this will flatten internal structures in nested lists, which may or may not be what you are looking for.

• What is "@*"? Can't find it – Suzan Cioc Jan 4 '15 at 17:52
• @SuzanCioc It's function composition. Note that using Flatten will not preserve any structure within your initial list (i.e. if either argument contains nested lists, those will be flattened as well). – Martin Ender Jan 4 '15 at 17:52
• @MartinBüttner: It's actually new in Mathematica 2 :) – DumpsterDoofus Jan 4 '15 at 17:53
• @DumpsterDoofus Oh... then I only discovered it recently. (Ah, RightComposition aka /* is what's new in 10.) – Martin Ender Jan 4 '15 at 17:53
• Apparently it existing but not shortened to "@*" in my Mathematica. – Suzan Cioc Jan 4 '15 at 18:11