# Conversion of Sine to Cosine

I'm solving equations with many Cosines and Sines. And I want to convert all the Sines to Cosines using trigonometric formulas such as cos(x)=sin(x+pi/2). How can I do this?

• Why you need it? Solve commands in mathematica isn't sensitive to such things. And Mathematica automatically treats sin(x+pi/2) as cos(x) unless you force unevaluated form by Hold[sin(x+pi/2)]. – funnyp0ny Dec 7 '14 at 15:33
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• @funnypony Thank you. I need it because I am comparing equations solved by hand and by Mathematica. The solutions by hand are all Cosine based, but Mathematica automatically convert some Cosines to Sines. I expected there could be a function in Mathematica that converts all Sines to Cosines. I think that "Hold" can't be used in my case because I want to convert the Sines after the evaluation of the equations. – YongCheol Kwon Dec 8 '14 at 2:25

The main problem here is that Mathematica immediately converts terms such as Sin[x+π/2] to the more simpler Cos[x]. You have to prevent this from occurring. You could do that with Defer or in V10 with Inactivate:

Inactivate[
Cos[p x + 2] Sin[z a + q] + Cos[x]^2/(Sin[a + b] - Cos[2 n]) /. Cos[x_] :> Sin[x + π/2],
Sin
] or, perhaps better (per comment of Bob Hanlon):

Cos[p*x + 2]*Sin[z*a + q] + Cos[x]^2/(Sin[a + b] - Cos[2*n]) /. Cos[x_] :> Inactive[Sin][x + Pi/2] (note that the inactive sines are printed in a gray style).

• Or you can use Cos[p*x + 2]*Sin[z*a + q] + Cos[x]^2/(Sin[a + b] - Cos[2*n]) /. Cos[x_] :> Inactive[Sin][x + Pi/2] which leaves the original Sin functions active. – Bob Hanlon Dec 7 '14 at 17:43
• @BobHanlon That may be better indeed if the OP wants to do something with them (though I don't have a clue what that might be) – Sjoerd C. de Vries Dec 7 '14 at 18:27
• @BobHanlon Thank you for your answer. Your code doesn't work in my PC since I'm using V9. And I don't understand the syntax. Maybe I need more study in Mathematica. – YongCheol Kwon Dec 8 '14 at 2:31
• With v9 you cannot use Inactive or Inactivate but as mentioned by @Sjoerd you can use Defer, i.e., expr = Cos[p*x + 2]*Sin[z*a + q] + Cos[x]^2/(Sin[a + b] - Cos[2*n]) /. Cos[x_] :> Defer[Sin][x + Pi/2]. To release the Defer you can use expr /. Defer -> Identity – Bob Hanlon Dec 8 '14 at 5:12