Combine Stereographic "Entity" Plot of Arctic Sea with Contour Plot

In the announcement of Mathematica 10 there were some very cool features for every geo-related researcher. Like this one

what i'm trying to do is to overlay an ContourPlot onto this beautiful arctic projection.

My data has the Form

data={{lat_1,lon_1,value_1},{lat_2,lon_2,value_2},....


From here i've learned how to plot Points, Circles or Lines on this Arctic Plot but i was unable to add an contour plot...

this plot is computed with NCL

this is how i would like it to be ...

thanks !

Edit 26.Nov

thanks @jose,

it seems as if Mathematica is rasterizing the contour plot which does not look so good i think.

there is also something wrong with the coordinates. i have a 360x180 Matrix, most of it are NaN's but nevertheless i have to manually adjust the Polygon Size because:

 ...Polygon[GeoPosition[{{-90, -180}, {-90, 180}, {90, 180}, {90, -180}}]]


makes everything worse... any further ideas anyone ?

Expanding a bit @jose answer, instead of using the GeoStyling directive, maybe using the plot data is better. Let's generate a random sample, but with the same format as yours:

data = Join @@ Table[{lat, lon,
Exp[-(90 - lat) Degree] Cos[lon Degree] + RandomReal[0.2]}, {lat,
50, 90}, {lon, -180, 180, 5}];


Then we should use ListContourPlot in the same projection we will use in the map, so first let's project it:

projecteddata = Join[GeoGridPosition[
GeoPosition[data[[All, ;; 2]]], {"LambertAzimuthal",
"Centering" -> {90, 0}}][[1]], data[[All, {3}]], 2];


And then plot with ListContourPlot:

polarContour = ListContourPlot[{Sequence @@ (GeoGridPosition[
GeoPosition[#[[;; 2]]], {"LambertAzimuthal",
"Centering" -> {90, 0}}][[1]]), #[[3]]} & /@ data,
Frame -> False, PlotRangePadding -> 0]


Then you can overlay it over the polar map:

GeoGraphics[{Opacity[.5], polarContour[[1]]},
GeoProjection -> {"LambertAzimuthal", "Centering" -> {90, 0}},
GeoRange -> {{50, 90}, All}, GeoGridLines -> Automatic,
GeoZoomLevel -> 3]


Just a final warning: be careful when projecting very sparse data, it might give you weird plots if you don't fill intermediate points.

I think you first need to start by generating the graphics with ListContourPlot. For example, take this arbitrary data as a 31x31 matrix:

data = Table[Exp[-(90 - lat) Degree] Cos[lon Degree] + RandomReal[0.2], {lat, 60, 90}, {lon, -180, 180, 12}];


and construct the contour plot:

g = ListContourPlot[data, Frame -> False, PlotRangePadding -> 0]


Use the many options of LisContourPlot to get the graphics as you need.

Now you can call GeoGraphics with a geo styled polygon and partial opacity:

GeoGraphics[{
GeoStyling[{"GeoImage", g}, Opacity[0.6]],
Polygon[GeoPosition[{{60, -180}, {60, 180}, {90, 180}, {90, -180}}]]
},
GeoProjection -> {"LambertAzimuthal", "Centering" -> {90, 0}},
GeoRange -> {{50, 90}, All},
GeoGridLines -> Automatic,
GeoZoomLevel -> 3
]


Note the use of an azimuthal projection. GeoGraphics would automatically choose that projection and center it at the pole so the GeoProjection option is actually redundant here.

• thanks @jose ... i've edited the main post Nov 26, 2014 at 15:14