I was going to include Indexed in this answer, thinking that it operated much as a List-only Part equivalent, but I ran into a surprise:

Indexed[(a A + a B), 1]

During evaluation of In[13]:= Indexed::itv: a A is not a list or valid tensor variable. >>

During evaluation of In[13]:= Indexed::itv: a B is not a list or valid tensor variable. >>

Indexed[a A, {1}] + Indexed[a B, {1}]
  1. Is it documented that Indexed threads over addition (Plus)?

  2. What other heads does it thread over?

  3. Since e.g. a A can become a list or tensor can this message be safely turned off?

  • $\begingroup$ Interesting. I managed to fully miss this function's introduction. $\endgroup$ – Sjoerd C. de Vries Oct 18 '14 at 19:32
  • $\begingroup$ The documentation is very short and not explicit, as far as I can tell, but, isn't it implicit in the fact that is listed under Symbolic Vectors and in part when it says that Indexed[x, n] works like the n<sup>th</sup> component of the symbolic vector x? $\endgroup$ – rhermans Oct 18 '14 at 19:40
  • $\begingroup$ @rhermans Would you consider expounding on that in an answer? $\endgroup$ – Mr.Wizard Jun 1 '15 at 15:43
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Even if it was not documented, it makes sense for it to thread over addition; it reflects the property that the component of a sum of two tensors is the sum of the corresponding components of the two. It is weird that it complains about Times[], since one can have the Hadamard product… $\endgroup$ – J. M. is in limbo Feb 21 '16 at 18:46
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ I can't really think of any other operation it can be threaded on. Speaking of Times[] + Indexed[] weirdness, one would then expect Indexed[p - q, j] to expand appropriately, but it does not… oh well. $\endgroup$ – J. M. is in limbo Feb 21 '16 at 18:52


Prompted by comments from J. M. I ran a brute-force check on System` Symbols to see if anything else threaded, or if this is a Plus-specific behavior.

  Join @@ MakeExpression @ Names["System`*"],
  h_Symbol :> Head @ Indexed[Unevaluated @ h["a", "b"], {1}]
] // Quiet // Tally
{{Indexed, 5474}, {String, 1}, {Plus, 1}}

So indeed it seems that Plus is unique as a head Indexed threads over. {String, 1} comes from List["a", "b"]; everything else retains the head Indexed.

Indexed::itv: message

I checked for the Indexed::itv: ... is not a list or valid tensor variable message as well. I have not figured out what is special about these particular Symbols but maybe someone else can spot the pattern.

  Join @@ MakeExpression @ Names["System`*"],
  h_Symbol :> 
    Check[Indexed[Unevaluated @ h["a", "b"], {1}], Sow @ Defer[h], Indexed::itv]
]; // Quiet // Reap // Last // Last
{Abs, AiryAi, AiryAiPrime, AiryBi, AiryBiPrime, Alternatives, And, ArcCos, ArcCosh,
ArcCot, ArcCoth, ArcCsc, ArcCsch, ArcSec, ArcSech, ArcSin, ArcSinh, ArcTan,
ArcTanh, Arg, ArithmeticGeometricMean, Ball, BarnesG, BartlettHannWindow,
BartlettWindow, BernsteinBasis, BesselI, BesselJ, BesselK, BesselY, Beta,
BetaRegularized, Binomial, BlackmanHarrisWindow, BlackmanNuttallWindow,
BlackmanWindow, BohmanWindow, Boole, BooleanRegion, BoundaryMeshRegion,
BSplineBasis, CardinalBSplineBasis, CauchyWindow, Ceiling, ChebyshevT, ChebyshevU,
Circle, Clip, Cone, ConicHullRegion, Conjugate, ConnesWindow, Cos, Cosh,
CosineWindow, Cot, Coth, Csc, Csch, CubeRoot, Cuboid, Cylinder, DedekindEta,
DirectedInfinity, DirichletWindow, DiscreteDelta, Disk, Divide, Element, Ellipsoid,
EllipticE, EllipticF, EllipticK, EllipticPi, EllipticTheta, EllipticThetaPrime,
EmptyRegion, Equal, Equivalent, Erf, Erfc, Erfi, ExactBlackmanWindow, Exists, Exp,
ExpIntegralE, ExpIntegralEi, Factorial, Factorial2, FactorialPower, Fibonacci,
FlatTopWindow, Floor, ForAll, FractionalPart, FullRegion, Function, Gamma,
GammaRegularized, GaussianWindow, GegenbauerC, Greater, GreaterEqual, Gudermannian,
HalfLine, HalfPlane, HammingWindow, HankelH1, HankelH2, HannPoissonWindow,
HannWindow, Haversine, HermiteH, Hexahedron, HurwitzLerchPhi, HurwitzZeta,
Hypergeometric0F1, Hypergeometric0F1Regularized, Hypergeometric1F1,
Hypergeometric1F1Regularized, Hypergeometric2F1, Hypergeometric2F1Regularized,
HypergeometricU, If, Im, ImplicitRegion, Implies, Inequality, InfiniteLine,
InfinitePlane, IntegerPart, Interval, InverseGudermannian, InverseHaversine,
InverseTransformedRegion, JacobiP, JacobiZeta, KaiserBesselWindow, KaiserWindow,
KelvinBei, KelvinBer, KelvinKei, KelvinKer, KroneckerDelta, LaguerreL,
LanczosWindow, LegendreP, LegendreQ, LerchPhi, Less, LessEqual, Line, Log, Log10,
Log2, LogBarnesG, LogGamma, LogIntegral, LogisticSigmoid, LucasL, Majority,
MathieuC, MathieuCharacteristicA, MathieuCharacteristicB,
MathieuCharacteristicExponent, MathieuCPrime, MathieuS, MathieuSPrime, Max,
MeshRegion, Min, Minus, Mod, Multinomial, Nand, Negative, NonNegative, NonPositive,
Nor, Not, NotElement, NuttallWindow, Or, ParabolicCylinderD, Parallelepiped,
Parallelogram, ParametricRegion, ParzenWindow, Piecewise, Plus, Pochhammer, Point,
PoissonWindow, PolyGamma, Polygon, PolyLog, Positive, Power, PrimePi, Prism,
ProductLog, Pyramid, QBinomial, QFactorial, QGamma, QHypergeometricPFQ,
QPochhammer, QPolyGamma, Quantity, Quotient, QuotientRemainder, RankedMax,
RankedMin, Re, Rectangle, RegionBoundary, RegionDifference, RegionIntersection,
RegionProduct, RegionSymmetricDifference, RegionUnion, Rescale, RiemannSiegelTheta,
RiemannSiegelZ, Root, Round, SawtoothWave, Sec, Sech, Sign, Simplex, Sin, Sinc,
Sinh, Sphere, SphericalBesselJ, SphericalBesselY, SphericalHankelH1,
SphericalHankelH2, SphericalHarmonicY, SpheroidalEigenvalue, SpheroidalPS,
SpheroidalPSPrime, SpheroidalQS, SpheroidalQSPrime, SpheroidalS1,
SpheroidalS1Prime, SpheroidalS2, SpheroidalS2Prime, Sqrt, SquareWave, StruveH,
StruveL, Subtract, Surd, Switch, Tan, Tanh, Tetrahedron, Times, TransformedRegion,
Triangle, TriangleWave, TukeyWindow, Unequal, UnitBox, UnitStep, UnitTriangle,
WelchWindow, Which, WhittakerM, WhittakerW, Xnor, Xor, Zeta}

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