# Convert units to String

Is there a way to convert compound units to string? For example, I have "Newtons"/"Meters"^2, how to I convert it to "N/m^2"? I know If I do the following

QuantityForm[QuantityUnit[Quantity[1, "Newtons"/ "Meters"^2]], "Abbreviation"]


It will give me "N"/("m")^2, but not "N/m^2".

p.s. The reason I want to do this is that I am writing a function that will copy quantities to excel. After copying units are not displaying correctly

• possible duplicate of Is there a way to display units in short label? – eldo Sep 21 '14 at 0:34
• @eldo Haha, I asked that quation. No, its not the same. Displaying units in short label does not return a units in String. – Yituo Sep 21 '14 at 0:45

stringUnits =  Module[{qf = QuantityForm[QuantityUnit[#], "Abbreviation"], boxes},
boxes = Cases[ToBoxes[qf], StyleBox[RowBox[{x___}], sty_] :> x];
StringJoin[ boxes /. x_String :> ToExpression[x] /. Null -> " "  /.
SuperscriptBox[a_, b_] :> StringJoin[ToString@a, "^", ToString@b]]] &;

stringUnits @ Quantity["Newton/Meters^2"]
(* "N / m^2" *)
(* String *)

(* "m Pa / F^2" *)
(* String *)


Works in Version 10 and 9.

• StringQ[%] gives False? – Yituo Sep 21 '14 at 0:16
• @kguler (1) This question is a duplicate of mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/60248/… which you answered one hour ago and (2) it doesn't export to Excel. (3) Let me, therefore, post my own deficient answer :) – eldo Sep 21 '14 at 0:27
• @kguler I am very sorry. Thanks for your effort ! ++1 – eldo Sep 21 '14 at 1:54
• @eldo, i too thought this was an almost-duplicate and would be really easy till i saw Yituo's edit:) – kglr Sep 21 '14 at 1:59
• I'm not so sure this question is worth the effort that has gone into solving it. :) – RunnyKine Sep 21 '14 at 2:56

The following works for V10. First we define some abbreviation rules:

rule = {"Newtons" :> N, "Meters" :> m, "Pascals" :> Pa, "Farads" :> F}; (* add more rules here *)


Then:

unit = TextString[QuantityUnit[Quantity[1, "Newtons/Meters^2"]] /. rule]

"N/m^2"

StringQ[unit]


True

TextString[QuantityUnit[Quantity[1, "Meters*Pascals/Farads^2"]] /. rule]

"(m*Pa)/F^2"

• +1 however note that if e.g. m has a value this will fail. – Mr.Wizard Sep 21 '14 at 7:15
• @Mr.Wizard. Thanks for pointing that out. I'll have to think about that. – RunnyKine Sep 21 '14 at 7:45
• Thanks, this will work for specific cases.I guess it will work for my purpose for now, but may need to give it more thougths when a general solution is needed – Yituo Sep 21 '14 at 15:57