# Compare some lists, if elements are almost equal

I've got the solutions of three systems on two variables (a and b) that gives results sometimes almost equal. The three list are not of equal length! For example:

sol1={{1.13627*10^-10, 0.517141}, {1822.1623, 0.130514}, {4104.7111,
0.303997}, {3.89363*10^19, 1.01968}};
sol2={{5.56174*10^-10, 0.517141}, {1822.1612, 0.130514}, {3592.4222, 0.26549}};
sol3={{1.75707*10^-11, 0.517141}, {1822.1723, 0.130514}, {3273.7822,
0.228122}, {806077., 2.98304}}


As you can notice the second term of sol1, the second term of sol2, and the second term of sol3 are almost equal. I want to extract only one of them, for example {1822.1623, 0.130514}. So, can I extract the couple of solutions that are almost equal? For example if |ai-aj|<0.01 and |bi-bj|<0.0001? Thanks!

• Related, perhaps duplicate: (21711). If possible Round (quantize) your values rather than using SameTest; see my answer there for explanation. Commented Sep 18, 2014 at 15:15

You can use Intersection or Union with the option SameTest. For example, solutions for all 3 equations:

Intersection[sol1, sol2, sol3,
SameTest -> (Abs[#[[1]] - #2[[1]]] < 0.01 && Abs[#[[2]] - #2[[2]]] < 0.0001 &)]

(* {{1.13627*10^-10, 0.517141}, {1822.16, 0.130514}} *)


Or if you want to gather almost equal solutions:

Gather[Join[sol1, sol2, sol3],
Abs[#[[1]] - #2[[1]]] < 0.01 && Abs[#[[2]] - #2[[2]]] < 0.0001 &]

(* {{{1.13627*10^-10, 0.517141}, {5.56174*10^-10, 0.517141}, {1.75707*10^-11, 0.517141}},
{{1822.16, 0.130514}, {1822.16, 0.130514}, {1822.17, 0.130514}},
{{4104.71, 0.303997}},
{{3.89363*10^19, 1.01968}},
{{3592.42, 0.26549}},
{{3273.78, 0.228122}},
{{806077., 2.98304}}} *)


Or to find all solutions, which are close to sol1[[2]]

With[{s = sol1[[2]]},
Select[Join[sol1, sol2, sol3],
Abs[#[[1]] - s[[1]]] < 0.01 && Abs[#[[2]] - s[[2]]] < 0.0001 &]]
(* {{1822.16, 0.130514}, {1822.16, 0.130514}, {1822.17, 0.130514}} *)


I hope one of these cases helps you.

• In fact I used it, but it gives two elements. I want only one element in the list. Thank you anyway Commented Sep 18, 2014 at 14:28
• @meriens What do you mean? Find solutions that are close to {1822.1623, 0.130514} if it exist? Commented Sep 18, 2014 at 14:30
• y problem is that I do not consider solution too small. I solve myself this problem, and now I can use correctly your solution. Thanks again. Commented Sep 18, 2014 at 16:43