When using nb = CreateDocument[], is there an option that prevents the notebook from opening automatically? And is there a command that opens the notebook when needed? (I know there is a Visible option, but this is not actually closing the document. The reason I want this is that I want to create a document with Initialization cells, and then close and reopen the document to have the initialization cells evaluated.)


3 Answers 3


To create a closed notebook called demo.nb containing an expression :-

content = ToString[FullForm[ToBoxes[Defer[
      Plot[Sin[x], {x, 0, 2 Pi}]

Export[FileNameJoin[{$TemporaryDirectory, "demo.nb"}],
 StringJoin["Notebook[{Cell[BoxData[", content, "
  ]"], "Text"]

Then, to open :-

nb = NotebookOpen[FileNameJoin[{$TemporaryDirectory, "demo.nb"}]];

And even evaluate :-

SelectionMove[nb, All, Notebook];

I'm not sure whether this fits your needs, but what about:

nb = CreateWindow[Visible -> False]

which creates an invisible window here on Linux. You can even work with the notebook through the kernel, e.g. NotebookWrite[nb, "Plot[x,{x,0,1}]"]

And when you need the window you do

SetOptions[nb, Visible -> True]
  • $\begingroup$ @MikeLimaOscar The Visible option does not really solves the problem. The reason I want the notebook to be closed and then reopened is that I want to have the Initilization cells created to be evaluated after its been reopened $\endgroup$
    – Yituo
    Sep 17, 2014 at 23:10
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @Yituo, Fair enough - halirutan and I attempted to answer your originally formulated question which didn't mention the initialisation cells. $\endgroup$ Sep 18, 2014 at 8:12

Although @halirutan has already provided an answer using CreateWindow, for completeness you can also use CreateDocument (see the Examples/Options section of the documentation). You have to provide an initial expression for the notebook:

nb = CreateDocument[{}, Visible -> False]

creates an invisible empty notebook. Then use the same formulation to make it visible:

SetOptions[nb, Visible -> True]

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