How to name a variable with the value of another variable?

A simple but very important (at least for me) question. In some languages for defining a variable, for example, we can do:

i=10

"d"&i=30

So I have defined the variable d10, and...

d10=30

That is to say... I've named a variable (d10) as as function of an other variable (i).

How can I do this in Mathematica? Sorry if the title is bad.

Regards!

• Try with Symbol["name"]: "refers to a symbol with the specified name." – unlikely Aug 1 '14 at 18:57
• Maybe there are shorter idioms for this, but one way is: Evaluate[ToExpression["d"~~ToString[i]]] = 30 – Daniel Lichtblau Aug 1 '14 at 19:08
• I'm wondering if you want x[i]? It's not exactly what you asked for; but if you don't know you can use x[i] as a variable, which represents x when i is 10, then you might not know to ask for it. – Michael E2 Aug 1 '14 at 19:13
• Daniel, your suggestion works very well. Thanks a lot. – Luis Fernando Moura Aug 1 '14 at 19:26
• @Luis Be aware that Daniel's simple suggestion will not allow reassignment. (As I'm sure he knows.) I again updated my answer to make clear that the method I gave does allow reassignments. – Mr.Wizard Aug 1 '14 at 19:40

I shall assume that you want a compact syntax to make this practical to use.
I shall choose cs, standing for compound symbol:

cs[x__] :=
ToHeldExpression @ ToString @ Row @ {x} /.
{_[s_Symbol] :> s, _ :> $Failed} func_[a___, Unevaluated @ cs[x__], b___] ^:= ToHeldExpression @ ToString @ Row @ {x} /. {_[s_Symbol] :> func[a, s, b], _ :>$Failed}

Test:

i = 10;
cs["d", i] = 30;

d10
30

Any expressions can be used so long as their evaluated forms concatenate to a valid Symbol name:

cs[Pi, d10, "x"] = 86;

Pi30x
86

Reassignment is possible:

cs[Pi, d10, "x"] = 99;

Pi30x
99

If an invalid Symbol name is produced by the concatenation $Failed is returned: cs[5, "x"] = 30$Failed