# Blank output from TextRecognize

Why am I getting blank output from TextRecognize for the following image? Is it because of the size of the image?

Neither am I getting output for this code:

x = Import["http://i.stack.imgur.com/RbqrD.jpg"];
TextRecognize[x]


nor for this one:

x = Import["http://i.stack.imgur.com/RbqrD.jpg"];
img = ImagePartition[x, {50, 69}];
MatrixForm[img];
p=img[[4,1]];
TextRecognize[p]


• The way TextRecognize works is that it looks for groups of letters and guesses what the word is. So it's better for complete sentences, it's not good for individual letters. In this image especially the letters have a spatial arrangement TextRecognize cannot make sense of, so you are better off using ImageCorrelate and some sample letters (there are other Q&As about this). Jul 9, 2014 at 9:55
• This is what you need. Jul 9, 2014 at 10:04
• @Pickett This was also my first thought, but please see the section recognizing random characters from my answer. It's far from a complete answer though. Jul 9, 2014 at 17:48
• @JacobAkkerboom I've seen TextRecognize being used like this before, for example here, but it's just not very good at it. For varying spatial distributions it is a much safer bet to use image correlation. Jul 9, 2014 at 18:25
• If talking about spatial distribution then my second code should work properly in there this whole image is partitioned in 228 images of size 50x69 even there its not working Jul 10, 2014 at 3:22

It does not seem to recognise a single character in isolation. Even when I make it easier

y1 = ImageCrop[
ImageCrop[img1, {100, 225}, {Left, Bottom}], {20, 25}, {Left, Top}];
y2 = ImageResize[y1, Scaled[10]];
y3 = Sharpen[y2];
y4 = Binarize[y3]


We still have that

TextRecognize@y4


gives "" . But there is hope, see the next section.

Recognizing multiple random characters

TextRecognize can find characters that do not make up words (I'm not sure if sentences matter here). A key element here is that the characters are regularly spaced. Let's get an example from the docs

wolframImg =
ImageCrop[
ImageCrop[
ImageResize[
Import[
"http://reference.wolfram.com/language/ref/Files/TextRecognize.\
en/I_20.gif"]
,
Scaled[5]
]
,
{434, 240}
,
{Left, Bottom}
]
,
{408, Full}
,
{Right, Top}
]


![enter image description here][2]

TextRecognize works reasonably well on this, as advertised.

TextRecognize[wolframImg]

ZSI-IC
HSKRN
CHKRVD


TextRecognize actually often gives quite a few false positives, when it is confident about a lot of (other) characters. This gave me the (silly) idea to compose this image with characters from your example.

y4Copies = Table[y4, {2}, {5}];
y5 = ImageAssemble[y4Copies];
y6 = ImageResize[y5, First@ImageDimensions@wolframImg];
compoImg = ImageAssemble[{{y6}, {wolframImg}}]


Now we can do

TextRecognize[compoImg]


which gives

EEEEE
EEEEE
ZSHC
HSKRN
CHKRVD

• Yes Recognizes it successfully but tesseract in mathematica does not recognize single character it requires a whole word be it a random or logical..Still on my way to make it recognize single character Jul 10, 2014 at 3:56

Here is a shorter implementation of the idea of Jacob Akkerboom to assemble the characters in a line:

\$Version
i = Import["https://i.stack.imgur.com/RbqrD.jpg"];
c = ComponentMeasurements[ColorNegate@Binarize@i, "Image", #"ConvexCoverage" < .9 &];
row = ImageAssemble[{ImagePad[ImageResize[#, {Automatic, 200}], 10] & /@ c[[;; , 2]]}]
TextRecognize[row]

"11.1.0 for Microsoft Windows (64-bit) (March 13, 2017)"


"ESEEEEEEEEEEEEEAAAAAAHHHHA"


The parameters 200 and 10 were carefully chosen by trial and error for achieving best possible recognition quality. And the latter is still leaves much to be desired. :(

Such poor quality of TextRecognize is especially surprising considering that Tesseract (which TextRecognize uses under the hood) shows excellent quality and does not require any assistance at all, as it can be checked for example using its Windows GUI gImageReader.

• Actually I have given a report last time,but don't get any response till now.
– yode
Apr 3, 2017 at 7:04
• @yode Please inform us if you receive an answer from the tech support. I was playing with the image from this question in the hope that improvements of TextRecognize in version 11.1 make recognition of individual characters straightforward. But I see that it is not the case: RecognitionPrior -> "Character" improves nothing as well as the other option choices! It is a shame that WRI can't properly integrate Tesseract into Mathematica... Apr 3, 2017 at 7:52