I'm starting using Mathematica. I have two coupled differential equations and after using NDSolve the output is in the form of a Interpolating Function. I want to Plot the square modulus of one of the two solutions, but after several trials the plot is still empty. I want to know how to work with this function.

sol = NDSolve[{a1'[t] == -I*V12*Exp[-I*w21*t]*a2[t], 
 a2'[t] == -I*V21*Exp[I*w21*t]*a2[t], a1[0] == 1, a2[0] == 0},
 {a1, a2}, {t, 40}] 

(* {{a1->InterpolatingFunction[{{0.,40.}},"<>"],
  a2->InterpolatingFunction[{{0.,4‌​0.}},"<>"]}}    *)  


f2 = Conjugate[fun] // ComplexExpand 
f3 = fun*gun Plot[f3, {t, 0, 40}]

Where fun is f1 and gun is f2.

  • $\begingroup$ Post the code of your attempts. $\endgroup$ – ciao Apr 15 '14 at 7:24
  • $\begingroup$ sol = NDSolve[{a1'[t] == -IV12*Exp[-Iw21*t]*a2[t], a2'[t] == -IV21*Exp[Iw21*t]*a2[t], a1[0] == 1, a2[0] == 0}, {a1, a2}, {t, 40}] {{a1->InterpolatingFunction[{{0.,40.}},"<>"],a2->InterpolatingFunction[{{0.,40.}},"<>"]}} $\endgroup$ – user13722 Apr 15 '14 at 7:32
  • $\begingroup$ f1=a1->InterpolatingFunction[{{0.,40.}},"<>"] $\endgroup$ – user13722 Apr 15 '14 at 7:33
  • $\begingroup$ f2 = Conjugate[fun] // ComplexExpand f3 = fun*gun Plot[f3, {t, 0, 40}] I think I have no idea what I am doing $\endgroup$ – user13722 Apr 15 '14 at 7:34
  • $\begingroup$ I'm sorry fun is f1 and gun is f2 $\endgroup$ – user13722 Apr 15 '14 at 7:41

I can't make heads or tails of above, but perhaps this will get you started. Read the documentation - it's your best source of information.

First, let's get some solution from NDSolve :

sol =  NDSolve[{u''[t] + u[t] == 0, u[0] == 0, u'[0] == 1}, u, {t, 0, \[Pi]}]

(* {{u->InterpolatingFunction[{{0.,3.14159}},<>]}} *)

So, NDSolve has given us a set of Rules (in this case, just one) that maps the solution for u to an InterpolatingFunction. Read the documentation re: rules if you are new to the concept.

So, we'll take that rule and extract the function itself into a convenient name:

interpFN = u /. First@sol

(* InterpolatingFunction[{{0.,3.14159}},<>] *)

We can use this (pretty much) like any other function:

(* 0.909297 *)

And plot it in the same way:

Plot[interpFN[x], {x, 0, Pi}]

enter image description here

Hope that helped somewhat...

  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for answer!, but what about if I want to plot the square modulus of "u" assuming that is a complex function? I can conjugate individual points of the Interpolating function, but I fail conjugating the whole function $\endgroup$ – user13722 Apr 16 '14 at 16:24

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