I am trying to use the Combinatorica package in a Mathematica version 8 in the following code:

gp = Graph[{1-> 3, 1 -> 2, 3 ->1}]
<< Combinatorica`

But this gives me an error message:

General::compat: Combinatorica Graph and Permutations functionality has been superseded by preloaded functionality. The package now being loaded may conflict with this. Please see the Compatibility Guide for details.

I have checked the guide but, the recommendation given could not solve this problem.

Any suggestion please?

  • $\begingroup$ Do not load Combinatorica, it's mostly obsolete for graphs and if you're not careful, it'll conflict with built-in functionality in v8. Just use ConnectedGraphQ[gp]. $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    Feb 17, 2014 at 17:58
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @John: Welcome to the site! Please consider registering your account! $\endgroup$ Feb 17, 2014 at 19:04

2 Answers 2


This is the way to do it if you really need to use the Combinatorica package:

<< Combinatorica`
gpc = Combinatorica`FromOrderedPairs[{{1, 3}, {1, 2}, {3, 1}}];
(* {{1, 3}, {2}}*)
  • $\begingroup$ BTW, don't even try to learn how to use Combinatorica from the docs. Better get a book like this one amazon.com/… $\endgroup$ Feb 17, 2014 at 21:40

Combinatorica is mostly obsoleted by version 8's built-in Graph data structure and the related functions. Do not load Combinatorica in v8 or later, unless you need functionality that is not available built-in and you know how to work around the name conflicts between Combinatorica and built-in functions.

In this case just use


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