# Assigning an equation as a variable

I am compiling a calculator where many slider parameters are used to define a value, where the defined value may then be reused to define another value. I am unable able to, or at least been unsuccessful in assigning these values as variables.

I want my coding to be able to refer to a variable (where the variable is an equation) in the sense, however the equation is defined by slider parameters and doesn't initially contain values.

An example of this is a three-step formulation, where the first equation requires parameters defined through sliders, a second equation requires the value from the first equation and another slider parameter, then a third equation requires the value from the second equation and another slider; variables A, C and F are defined from individual sliders like this:

Row[{"Magnification: ", F/C}],
Row[{"Exit Pupil: ", A/(F/C)}],
Row[{"Longest Useful FOV: ", F/(A/(F/C))}],

{{A, 130, "Aperature: "}, 60, 508, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{F, 650, "Focal Length: "}, 480, 4064, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{C, 32, "Occular Focal Length: "}, 1, 110, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},


An easier way to express this would be and how I would like it to display is like this:

Row[{"Magnification: ", F/C = M}],
Row[{"Exit Pupil: ", A/M = E}],
Row[{"Longest Useful FOV: ", F/E}],


I am unable to find a way where this is achieved, the calculator hosts several instances like this however some require the value from another equation without a parameter set from a slider. Some equations are reused multiple times, due to the equations being used there are inconsistencies with formulation until some sliders have changed their values.

I have a working example with complete code if required to see the depth of the formulation, however none of the equations require more than a three-step formulation.

# Edit - Full Code

$S1 = Bold;$S2 = Orange;

Manipulate[
N@Grid[{
{Style["Focal Ratio: ", $S1], Style[FL/AD,$S2]},
{Style["Dawes Limit: ", $S1], Style[115.824/AD,$S2]},
{Style["Rayleigh Limit: ", $S1], Style[139.7/AD,$S2]},
{Style["Gathering Power: ", $S1], Style[(AD/OP)^2,$S2]},
{Style["Magnification: ", $S1], Style[N[FL/OL, 4],$S2]},
{Style["Min Magnification: ", $S1], Style[N[AD/OP, 4],$S2]},
{Style["Exit Pupil: ", $S1], Style[N[AD/(FL/OL), 3],$S2]},
{Style["True FOV (No F/Stop): ", $S1], Style[N[OF/(FL/OL), 3],$S2]},
{Style["True FOV (F/Stop): ", $S1], Style[N[(.0957*OL*OF*N[Pi]/180)/FL 57.3, 3],$S2]},
{Style["Max FOV: ", $S1], Style[N[31.7 180/N[Pi]/FL, 3],$S2]},
{Style["Longest Useful FOV: ", $S1], Style[N[FL/(AD/(FL/OL)), 5],$S2]},
{Style["Magnitude Limit: ", $S1], Style[NumberForm[7.5 + 5 Log10[AD/10], 4],$S2]},
{Style["Ocular Field Stop: ", $S1], Style[N[.0957*OL*OF*N[Pi]/180, 4],$S2]}
}],
{{AD, 130, "Aperature: "}, 60, 508, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{FL, 650, "Focal Length: "}, 480, 4064, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{OL, 32, "Occular Focal Length: "}, 1, 110, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{OF, 52, "Occular FOV: "}, 40, 72, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{OP, 7, "Observer's Pupil: "}, 4, 9, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"}
] I reworked the layout to a Grid, I will have to adjust the decimals still. There are no more compiling errors, however the instance I want to adjust is being able to refer to a variable say with the Exit Pupil rather than reusing the Mag formula, there are many instances where I have reused the same formulas multiple times, if I can set some of the equations to a variable it will significantly reduce the size and unnecessary complexities. Is there a way I can do this?

• Have you looked at Manipulate[ ] in the docs? – Dr. belisarius Dec 12 '13 at 6:40
• @belisarius I have gone through every HowTo relating to variables and rules and none of them work for my purposes. I will go through Manipulate and see if it's any help. – Ashley James Dec 12 '13 at 6:46
• C has built-in meaning too. – Kuba Dec 12 '13 at 7:24
• @Kuba Thanks, I thought it did as well as E does. That explains why I get a few of the errors compiling. – Ashley James Dec 12 '13 at 7:30
• @Kuba There are no more compiling errors, thank you for correcting me on that and adding that info I have used those in previous notebooks :( Just wanting a method for the original question. – Ashley James Dec 12 '13 at 8:11

I suppose what you ask about recalculating can be done with With or other scoping construct.

Manipulate[
With[{mag = FL/OL, minmag = AD/OP},
Grid[
MapAt[ NumberForm[N@#, {\[Infinity], 4}] &,
{{"Gathering Power: ", (minmag)^2},
{"Magnification: ", mag},
{"Min Magnification: ", minmag},
{"True FOV (No F/Stop): ", OF/mag},
{"Max FOV: ", (31.7*180)/(Pi*FL)},
{"Longest Useful FOV: ", mag FL/AD}}
, {All, 2}]
, ItemStyle -> {{Bold, Orange}}, Alignment -> {{Left, "."}}]
]
,
{{AD, 130, "Aperature: "}, 60, 508, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{FL, 650, "Focal Length: "}, 480, 4064, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{OL, 32, "Occular Focal Length: "}, 1, 110, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{OF, 52, "Occular FOV: "}, 40, 72, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{OP, 7, "Observer's Pupil: "}, 4, 9, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"}] • That works perfectly @Kuba, it's very neat and also fixed my decimal problem. The way you included the style formatting as well, this is a big step further in cleaning the code up. I really like the way you presented this example. Thank you greatly in being intuitive I'm learning a lot from what you provided. – Ashley James Dec 12 '13 at 15:05
• @AshleyJames That's great, I was hoping that you will find this usefull. Manual styling may be discouraging. Good luck with your project! :) – Kuba Dec 12 '13 at 17:39

May be I am missing something but Manipulate is designed to automatically re-evaluate when one variable in its expression changes.

Manipulate[
N@Grid[{
{"Magnification: f/c = ", f/c},
{"Exit Pupil: a/m =", a/(f/c)},
{"Longest Useful FOV: f/e =", f/(a/(f/c))}
}],
{{a, 130, "Aperature: "}, 60, 508, 1,Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{f, 650, "Focal Length: "}, 480, 4064, 1,Appearance -> "Labeled"},
{{c, 32, "Occular Focal Length: "}, 1,110, 1, Appearance -> "Labeled"}
] • Sorry, It should read Row[{"Magnification: ", N[f/c]}], for example. – Ashley James Dec 12 '13 at 6:49
• @AshleyJames, ok add N@Grid` – Nasser Dec 12 '13 at 6:52
• Nice idea, it will only work for the example, in reality I am using multiple columns and rows; I have demonstration images on the right side and values on the left side in my content. – Ashley James Dec 12 '13 at 7:00