If I have many possible variables related to one another, why do I need to define my function with parameters for plotting? For example, if I have an equation like:

output_value := a * b * c * d / ( e * f * g * h );

Assuming that all values are defined and have some default value, why can't I just do this to plot:

Plot[ output_value, { b, 0, 100 } ];

The annoying thing is having to do this:

output_value[aparam_, bparam_, cparam_, dparam_, eparam_, fparam_, gparam_, hparam_] := aparam * bparam * cparam * dparam / ( eparam * fparam * gparam * hparam );

and then:

With[ {aparam=a,cparam=c,dparam=d,eparam=e,fparam=f,gparam=g}, Plot[ output_value, { bparam, 0, 100 } ];
  • $\begingroup$ BTW, you can ease your pain by writing With[{a = a, c = c, ...}, ...] . See the third example under With in the Documentation Center $\endgroup$
    – m_goldberg
    Nov 12, 2013 at 2:48

1 Answer 1


You do not have to define a function to plot it. You can certainly do


and the output is the graph you expected. Defining the function as above has many drawbacks:

1) You cannot evaluate it without making an explicit replacement. For example, f(2) becomes


I would generalize this point and say that defining $f(x)$ with a f[x_] gives convenience down the road.

2) You have to be careful not to use the variable that you are "reserving" for the independent variable:

<<lots of code>> x=3; <<lots of code>> f/.x->2

The last evaluation of f/.x->2 will not necessarily give you the $f(2)$ that you might have expected. I would generalize this point and say that defining $f(x)$ with a f[x_] makes it more difficult to shoot oneself in the foot.

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ I see, so basically you are saying that using function parameters is optional. Thats good. $\endgroup$ Nov 12, 2013 at 0:48
  • $\begingroup$ @TylerDurden One of the places where parameter lists are almost a necessity is in Manipulate, where sliders won't update a parameter in a function if it isn't explicitly visible to Manipulate. $\endgroup$ Nov 12, 2013 at 6:38

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