I would like to get the following equation in TeXForm

enter image description here

Here y(t), G and F are vectors and are in bold. If I do

TeXForm[HoldForm[y''[t] + G[y'[t], y[t]] == F[t]]]

in an Input Cell I get the correct TeX but not with the appropriate symbols in bold. The required equation is set up in a TradionalForm cell with the correct bold symbols. However, I don't seem to be able to export this to TeX. Is this possible or is there another work around? Possibly this answer is relevant.

  • $\begingroup$ How have you set up the bold symbols in TraditionalForm? $\endgroup$
    – Carl Woll
    Nov 7, 2023 at 20:46
  • $\begingroup$ In a TraditionalForm cell everything is automatically in bold. I you don' want bold then you have to un-bold the symbol. However in an input cell it is difficult to make a bold symbol. My thinking was that you could try and convert a TraditionalForm Cell to TeX. $\endgroup$
    – Hugh
    Nov 7, 2023 at 22:15

2 Answers 2


See TeXForm help. No Mathematica format boxes are translated, only single character symbols as italics and word symbols as \text{} boxes are used in translation.

This yields a possibility to modify an expressions TeXForm, as a string, e.g. by

 raw = "$$" <> ToString[TeXForm[y''[x] == Sin[x]]] <> "$$" 

  bold = StringReplace[raw, "y" -> "\\mathbf{y}"] 

$$\mathbf{y}''(x)=\sin (x)$$

     Import[ StringToStream[bold], "LaTeX" ]  

Notebook[{Cell[TextData[{}], "Text"], 
   FontSlant -> "Bold"],"\[Prime]\[Prime]"], 
   RowBox[{"(", StyleBox["x", "TI"], ")"}],"\[LongEqual]", "sin", 
   RowBox[{"(", StyleBox["x", "TI"], ")"}]}], TraditionalForm]],
   "NumberedEquation"]}, StyleDefinitions -> "Default.nb"]

You can use a replacement rule for the example you posted. For each of these rules, the lhs is a Mathematica expression and the rhs is the styled string you want to see in the TeX, representing that expression.

TeXForm[HoldForm[y''[t] + G[y'[t], y[t]] == F[t]]]

(* y''(t)+G\left(y'(t),y(t)\right)=F(t) *)

This is basically just a string. Now just replace G,y,F with Style[_,Bold]:

%2 /. {G -> Style["G", Bold], y -> Style["y", Bold], 
  F -> Style["F", Bold]}

(It doesn't render well in the browser so I'll post a screenshot.) enter image description here

If you also want to use bold type for the "primes" on the derivatives, you need to write a pattern which matches the derivative operator in the code. In this case, the nth derivative is Derivative[n][y][t]. Since you're mapping to a string, each 'n' must be written separately. To get the arguments in normal weight, use a second "Text" style box for each "[t]".

%2 /. {G -> Style["G", Bold], y -> Style["y", Bold], 
  F -> Style["F", Bold], 
  Derivative[1][y][t] :> Style["y'", Bold] Style["[t]", "Text"], 
  Derivative[2][y][t] :> Style["y''", Bold] Style["[t]", "Text"]}

enter image description here


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