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I have made this type mistake so many times:

Which[a=b,expr1,True,expr2]

as opposed to the intended but still correct syntax

Which[a==b,expr1,True,expr2]

And, the mistake doesn't jump out at me--especially when there are more than several lines of code. Syntax coloring would help me identify the mistake quickly.

Is it possible to make a custom syntax coloring for "=", "==", and "==="?

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    $\begingroup$ SyntaxInformation[Which] seems to indicate that equal signs of odd-index arguments should be colored. But they're not. The setting "ColorEqualSigns" -> OddQ is not documented and seems not to work. A bug? Ask WRI. $\endgroup$
    – Michael E2
    Commented May 25, 2023 at 16:13
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    $\begingroup$ Possible duplicate?: mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/59755/… -- It certainly implies that you're out of luck. Unless there's a hack around the bug. $\endgroup$
    – Michael E2
    Commented May 25, 2023 at 16:22
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    $\begingroup$ According to this answer, "ColorEqualSigns" -> System`Odd should color = at odd-index arguments, but it colors only the first argument. (So it's a known bug since 2017.) $\endgroup$
    – Michael E2
    Commented May 25, 2023 at 16:26
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks @MichaelE2. Useful to know that this is potentially interesting enough that somebody wanted it in 2017. Fingers crossed for a future release. $\endgroup$ Commented May 25, 2023 at 18:35
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    $\begingroup$ If more people ask for it to be fixed, that will make it seem more valuable to WRI to fix it. $\endgroup$
    – Michael E2
    Commented May 25, 2023 at 18:38

1 Answer 1

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1. Syntax Coloring (partially working)

Under menu Edit > Preferences > Appearance > Syntax Coloring > Errors and Warnings, turn on Possible unwanted assignments. This will make = in Solve red.

enter image description here

However, as explained by @Itai Seggev, this doesn't work for Which due to a bug. It can be fixed, but it will unfortunately work only for the first argument (which is apparently also a known but not yet fixed bug):

Unprotect[Which];
SyntaxInformation[Which] = SyntaxInformation[Which] /.
  ("ColorEqualSigns" -> _) -> ("ColorEqualSigns" -> System`Odd);
Protect[Which];

enter image description here

2. Operator Rendering

For versions 12.3.1+, you can use OperatorRenderings to set more distinct characters for Set, Equal and SameQ. There is a whole variety of interesting Unicode symbols that resemble =, such as = ﹦ ⩶ ≝ ⌯ ⩸. You can probably find your own combination of symbols which will help you in easier differentiation between them.

opR = AbsoluteCurrentValue[$FrontEndSession, {StyleHints, "OperatorRenderings"}];
opR["="] = "≜";
opR["=="] = "≡";
opR["==="] = "≣";
CurrentValue[$FrontEndSession, {StyleHints, "OperatorRenderings"}] = opR;

Animation of typing

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    $\begingroup$ Thanks. Not just solve, but also this: Which[a = b, a, True, b] The Solve example wasn't a good example of what I wanted--I'll edit Would you mind deleting your answer so the question gets attention? $\endgroup$ Commented May 25, 2023 at 15:30
  • $\begingroup$ I have edited the answer so that it more clearly shows its flaws. However, I believe it still does partially answer your question. Obviously, you have every right to downvote it or/and not accept it :) (Or give a bounty to the question for more attention ...) $\endgroup$
    – Domen
    Commented May 25, 2023 at 21:25
  • $\begingroup$ Excellent! Accepted as answered. Thanks. $\endgroup$ Commented May 26, 2023 at 13:02

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