I am having trouble to transform XML data into a Mathematica Dataset of Associations. I want a dataset that follows the structure of the XML file with all its sublevels. Here is the example xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Readconfig version="1.0">
    <LVL2 attribute="1">
            <LVL4 attribute="11">
                <LVL5 attribute="111"/>
                <LVL5 attribute="112"/>
                <LVL5 attribute="113"/>
                <LVL5 attribute="114"/>
    <LVL2 attribute="2">
            <LVL4 attribute="21">
              <LVL5 attribute="211"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="212"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="213"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="214"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="215"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="216"/>
            <LVL4 attribute="22">
              <LVL5 attribute="221"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="223"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="224"/> 
              <LVL5 attribute="225"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="226"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="227"/>
              <LVL5 attribute="228"/>
    <LVL2 attribute="3">
            <LVL4 attribute="31">
              <LVL5 attribute="311"/>     

I tried:

  XMLElement[_, attrs_, _] :> Association[attrs], Infinity]

but it only shows the Dataset of the lowest levels. Also note that the XML file might change structure and i dont want to hardcode any levels of the XML file. Does anyone have a simple solution?

  • 3
    $\begingroup$ Some elements have attributes AND sub elements e.g.: "{XMLElement["LVL2", {"attribute" -> "1"}, {XMLElement["LVL3",...." How do you want this represent in an association? $\endgroup$ Jan 12, 2022 at 15:35

1 Answer 1


This is one way:

xml = ImportString["the provided complete xml", "XML"];

Part 2 of the imported xml the actual data skipping the xml version and encoding. Then repeatedly apply a rule and convert to a dataset:

ds = xml[[2]] //
     ReplaceRepeated[XMLElement[tag : _String, attrs : _List, value : _List] :> 
       <|"tag" -> tag, "attributes" -> <|attrs|>, "value" -> value|>] //

this is the resulting dataset:

enter image description here

drill down to the value of the Readconfig tag:

enter image description here

drill down to the deepest level:

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ Great answer. Works very well! $\endgroup$
    – heartbeatz
    Jan 18, 2022 at 13:37

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