How to write following conditional sum?

$F(\theta1,\theta2)=\sum_{m1,m2} a^*_{m1}a_{m2} A_{m2,m1}(\theta1) \exp[i(m1-m2)\theta2]$, where $A_{m2,m1}(\theta1)$ is a conditional function, such that

$A_{m2,m1}(\theta1)=\sqrt{\frac{\Gamma(m2+k)\Gamma(m2-k+1)}{\Gamma(m1+k)\Gamma(m1-k+1)}}\frac{1}{\Gamma(m2-m1+1)} {}_2 F_1\left(\begin{matrix}k-m1& &k+m2& \\&m2-m1+1& \end{matrix};f(\theta1)^2\right)$ for $m2\ge m1$


$A_{m1,m2}(\theta1)=(-1)^{(m2-m1)}A_{m2,m1}(\theta1)$ for $m2<m1$.

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Look up Sum[] and Piecewise[]. $\endgroup$ Commented Dec 18, 2021 at 8:06
  • $\begingroup$ Your expression does not depend on $\theta_2$: is there a mistake in the formula for $F(\theta_1,\theta_2)$? $\endgroup$
    – Roman
    Commented Dec 18, 2021 at 8:49
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ C is a protected symbol that you cannot use as a variable name. Better to use lowercase letters for variables. $\endgroup$
    – Roman
    Commented Dec 18, 2021 at 8:49
  • $\begingroup$ it is correted now. $\endgroup$
    – Mike
    Commented Dec 18, 2021 at 9:03
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Welcome to Mathematica.SE! I hope you will become a regular contributor. To get started, 1) take the introductory tour now, 2) when you see good questions and answers, vote them up by clicking the gray triangles, because the credibility of the system is based on the reputation gained by users sharing their knowledge, 3) remember to accept the answer, if any, that solves your problem, by clicking the checkmark sign, and 4) give help too, by answering questions in your areas of expertise. $\endgroup$
    – bbgodfrey
    Commented Dec 18, 2021 at 10:31

1 Answer 1


You can define a multiple dispatch for the function A:

A[{m2_, m1_} /; m2 >= m1, θ1_] = b[{m2, m1}, θ1];
A[{m2_, m1_} /; m2 < m1, θ1_] = c[{m2, m1}, θ1];

With the given hypergeometric functions:

A[{m2_, m1_} /; m2 >= m1, θ1_] =
  Hypergeometric2F1[k - m1, k + m2, m2 - m1 + 1, f[θ1]];
A[{m2_, m1_} /; m2 < m1, θ1_] =
  (-1)^(m2 - m1) Hypergeometric2F1[k - m2, k + m1, m1 - m2 + 1, f[θ1]];

and then sum them up to a given maximum $m$:

F[θ1_, θ2_] = With[{M = 3},
  Sum[Conjugate[a[m1]] a[m2] A[{m2, m1}, θ1] Exp[I (m1 - m2) θ2], {m1, -M, M}, {m2, -M, M}]]
  • $\begingroup$ Can you please elaborate it more? For $m2>=m1$ the conditional function is $A_ {m2,m1}(\theta1)=2F^1(k-m1,k+m2,m2-m1+1,f(\theta1))$, with k is a fixed integer (k>=1/2) and $2F^1()$ is a Hypergeometric function. For $m2<m1$, $A(\theta1)=(-1)^ {(m2-m1) }2F^1(k-m2,k+m1,m1-m2+1,f(\theta1))$. $\endgroup$
    – Mike
    Commented Dec 19, 2021 at 7:29

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.