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As an extension of this question, is it possible to find the unit tangent, normal, and binormal vectors for an interpolated function? eg

pts = {{1, 1, -1}, {2, 2, 1}, {3, 3, -1}, {3, 4, 1}};
f = Interpolation[Transpose[{N@Range[0, 1, 1/(Length[pts] - 1)], pts}]];

Length@Last@FrenetSerretSystem[f[t], t] outputs 2.

Motivation is as this question.

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    $\begingroup$ You can either use NDSolve[] on the Frenet-Serret equations (like what was done here), or construct a Bishop frame instead (like what was done here). $\endgroup$ – J. M.'s ennui Mar 1 at 9:38
  • $\begingroup$ @J. M. thank you, I'll have a go $\endgroup$ – martin Mar 1 at 9:41
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First we get you interpolating function:

pts = {{1, 1, -1}, {2, 2, 1}, {3, 3, -1}, {3, 4, 1}};
f = Interpolation[Transpose[{N@Range[0, 1, 1/(Length[pts] - 1)], pts}]];

Then we calculate the tangent, nornal and binormal:

utan[t_] = f'[t]/Norm[f'[t]];
normal[t_] = Module[{fu, x}, fu[x_] = f''[x] - (f''[x].utan[x]) utan[x]; 
   fu[t]/Norm[fu[t]]];
binormal[t_] = Cross[utan[t], normal[t]];

And finally we make an interactive plot:

Manipulate[
 Show[{ParametricPlot3D[f[x], {x, 0, 1}],
   Graphics3D[{Arrow[{f[t], f[t] + utan[t]}], Red, 
     Arrow[{f[t], f[t] + normal[t]}], Green, 
     Arrow[{f[t], f[t] + binormal[t]}]}]
   }, PlotRange -> {{0, 4}, {0, 4}, {-2, 2}}], {t, 0, 1}]

enter image description here

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  • $\begingroup$ great! thanks :) $\endgroup$ – martin Mar 1 at 11:57

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