Here is a minimal example to the problem I face when using Compile with Block:

G1[x_, y_]:=Block[{ks = x y, id = Sin[x y]}, {(id - ks), (id + ks)}]
myFun = Compile[{{x, _Real}, {y, _Real}},Block[{f = G1[x, y]}, f[[1]] x + f[[2]]],
   CompilationTarget -> "C"];

Once I run this code I get this error:

Compile::part: Part specification f[[1]] cannot be compiled since the argument is not a tensor of sufficient rank. Evaluation will use the uncompiled function.

How can I get rid of it?


This is an old and rather often discussed issue. The output of



MainEvaluate[ Hold[G1][ R0, R1]]

and this tells us that G1 has not been inlined correctly. Best way to circumvent this issue is to use With for inlining:

G1[x_, y_] := Block[{ks = x y, id = Sin[x y]}, {(id - ks), (id + ks)}]
myFun = With[{f = G1[x, y]},
   Compile[{{x, _Real}, {y, _Real}},
    f[[1]] x + f[[2]],
    CompilationTarget -> "C"
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks a lot! Is it possible to use := with compile? like this myFun2[fun_] := With[{f = G1[x, y]},Compile[{{x, _Real}, {y, _Real}}, fun.(f[[1]] x + f[[2]]), CompilationTarget -> "C"]];. fun are many different long and complicated function with respect to (x,y) that I would like to compile each of them. $\endgroup$ – valar morghulis Jan 3 at 8:05
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ You're welcome. Well again, it should work if you use With for inlining. Like in myFun2[fun_] := With[{code = fun.(G1[x, y][[1]] x + G1[x, y][[2]])}, Compile[{{x, _Real}, {y, _Real}}, code, CompilationTarget -> "C"]];. $\endgroup$ – Henrik Schumacher Jan 3 at 8:18
  • $\begingroup$ Just one more question, please? How can I get the results for fun=x y and at point (x,y)=(1,1). $\endgroup$ – valar morghulis Jan 3 at 8:26
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ cf = myFun2[{x,y}] to get the compile function and then cf[1,1] to do the computation. $\endgroup$ – Henrik Schumacher Jan 3 at 8:28
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Well, you wrote fun.(f[[1]] x + f[[2]]). . means Dot. So of course fun and f[[1]] x + f[[2]] have to be things that can be Dotted against each other, i.e., tensors. Obviously, fun = x is not a tensor -- you told your compiled function that x is a real scalar. $\endgroup$ – Henrik Schumacher Jan 3 at 9:17

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