I intend to optimize my work by adding an outline to my images automatically.

I'm leaving this image as a reference for testing:

enter image description here

I can make an outline of the image, but with poor quality ...


I intend to achieve this result by combining the original image with the outline:

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ See this related question and answer (195840) where Dilation can thicken the EdgeDetect result. $\endgroup$
    – flinty
    Oct 8, 2020 at 23:00

2 Answers 2

thickness = 10;
img = Import["https://i.stack.imgur.com/PvtRV.png"];

1. ContourDetect + EdgeDetect + Dilation

ImageMultiply[img, ColorNegate @
  Dilation[EdgeDetect @ ImagePad[ColorNegate @ ContourDetect[img], 20], thickness]]

enter image description here

2. ComponentMeasurements

img0 = ImagePad[img, 10]; 

Show[img0, Graphics[{AbsoluteThickness[thickness], Red, 
   MaximalBy[Length @* First] @
    First[Values[ComponentMeasurements[img0, "Contours"]]]}]]

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ This code with leaked images worked better $\endgroup$
    – LCarvalho
    Oct 8, 2020 at 23:18

Using ImageMesh and textures is a little more awkward than I expected it to be, but it does the job without needing image manipulation like EdgeDetect:

img = ImageCrop[Import["https://i.stack.imgur.com/PvtRV.png"]];
mesh = ImageMesh[AlphaChannel[img]];
coords = MeshCoordinates[mesh];
mmx = MinMax[coords[[All, 1]]];
mmy = MinMax[coords[[All, 2]]];
texcoords = {Rescale[#[[1]], mmx], Rescale[#[[2]], mmy]} & /@ coords;
g = Graphics[{Thickness[.05], Line[coords], Texture[img], 
  Polygon[coords, VertexTextureCoordinates -> texcoords]}]

with border

Hopefully the result is satisfactory. You can now rasterize it out using r = Rasterize[g, RasterSize -> ImageDimensions[img]]. However you may notice it no longer lines up with the original if you do ImageCompose[img,{r,0.5}]. That is due to some irritating quirk of ImageMesh and I have not figured out a work around yet.

Here's how I managed it using image processing functions:

 img, (* t controls the thickness *)
 With[{t = 5, dims = ImageDimensions[img]},
  Antialiasing ColorConvert[
       Dilation[EdgeDetect@ImagePad[AlphaChannel@img, t], t], 
       Black -> Transparent], dims], "RGB"]

image padding

  • $\begingroup$ For the intended purpose, I believe it can meet my need $\endgroup$
    – LCarvalho
    Oct 8, 2020 at 23:08
  • $\begingroup$ Hollow objects do not produce good results. I just tested ... $\endgroup$
    – LCarvalho
    Oct 8, 2020 at 23:16
  • $\begingroup$ You didn't specify that in the question or give a hollow image example. In any case the EdgeDetect one will work, not the textured Polygon. $\endgroup$
    – flinty
    Oct 8, 2020 at 23:43
  • $\begingroup$ Sorry ... After I went to test that I realized the possibilities $\endgroup$
    – LCarvalho
    Oct 8, 2020 at 23:57

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