I have a binary image (img) as shown below and I wish to generate a convex hull of the white region.

enter image description here

I tried to use ConvexHullMesh but could not get the desired size with the background to fit into the original image.

cv = ComponentMeasurements[
   FillingTransform[scleraRough1], {"ConvexVertices", "Mask"}];
cvScaled = Rescale@cv[[1, 2, 1]];

How can I generate the desired convex hull (a binary mask surrounded by the background)?

and I get enter image description here


Apparently you can do this straight away with:

Image@MorphologicalComponents[img, Method -> "ConvexHull"]

See this answer https://mathematica.stackexchange.com/a/189196/72682

It's a bit awkward, but you can get them to line up using Inset. I've shown the boundary below, but if you want the face, just remove the RegionBoundary. I also used ImageValuePositions which are pixel centered offset by 0.5, rather than PixelValuePositions.

img = Import["https://i.stack.imgur.com/3ndPk.png"] // Binarize;
(* remove the border *)
img = ImageTake[img, {2, -2}, {2, -2}];
dims = ImageDimensions[img];
cvx = ConvexHullMesh[ImageValuePositions[img, 1]];
Graphics[{Inset[img, {0, 0}, {0, 0}, dims], Red, RegionBoundary[cvx]},
  PlotRangePadding -> None, PlotRange -> Transpose@{{0, 0}, dims}]


To get the image mask you could do:

gr = Graphics[{Inset[img, {0, 0}, {0, 0}, dims], White, cvx}, 
   PlotRangePadding -> None, PlotRange -> Transpose@{{0, 0}, dims}];
Image[gr, ImageSize -> ImageDimensions[img]]

convex hull mask

  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the straight forward way. When I searched for the ConvexHull in the documentation, I found that it is obsolete now. I didn't know that it can be used in the way you have mentioned in your answer. $\endgroup$
    – Majis
    Aug 17 '20 at 12:36
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @Majis yes, the simpler one is the best approach too because it fully contains the image, unlike my method with Inset and ImageValuePositions. You can verify with: ImageCompose[ ColorReplace[ Image@MorphologicalComponents[img, Method -> "ConvexHull"], {1 -> Red}], ColorReplace[img, 0 -> RGBColor[0, 0, 0, 0]] ]. There are no partial pixels sticking out the sides. $\endgroup$
    – flinty
    Aug 17 '20 at 12:40

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