I have a module which expands many functions, depending on expansion order input parameters. Here's an MRE:

ExpandFuncs[xorder_, yorder_] :=
 Block[{func1, func2, exp1, exp2},
  func1 = 1/Sin[x+y];
  func2 = 1/Cos[x+y];
  exp1 = Normal[Series[func1,{x, 0, xorder}, {y, 0, yorder}]];
  exp2 = Normal[Series[func2,{x, 0, xorder}, {y, 0, yorder}]];
  Return[{exp1, exp2}];  

Sometimes, however, I'd like to get the functions to only expand in y and return the exact solution in x. Is there a straightforward way to do this without introducing a bunch of If statements? In practice, my module is working with many functions, so introducing exceptions would be a hassle. Is there some way to give Series an argument like Infinity for the expansion order? (I've looked but not found anything like that).


1 Answer 1


You can define the following function expandFunc which takes two arguments, the first is a list of variables, the second is a list of orders to expand in (with Infinity corresponding to "no expansion"):

expandFunc[vars_, orders_] := Function[{f},
   Sequence @@ If[#2 == \[Infinity], Nothing, {#1, 0, #2}] & @@@ 
    Transpose[{vars, orders}]

Simple usage example (note that I do not define it with Normal)

expandFunc[{x, y}, {1, \[Infinity]}][1/Sin[x + y]]
(* SeriesData[x, 0, {
Csc[y], -Cot[y] Csc[y]}, 0, 2, 1] *)

Your code can be rewritten with expandFunc as

ExpandFuncs[xorder_, yorder_] := 
 Block[{func1, func2, exp1, exp2},
  func1 = 1/Sin[x + y];
  func2 = 1/Cos[x + y];
  exp1 = Normal@expandFunc[{x, y}, {xorder, yorder}][func1];
  exp2 = Normal@expandFunc[{x, y}, {xorder, yorder}][func2];
  Return[{exp1, exp2}];]


I just thought of the solution of filtering any argument with Infinity as an order specification out of a call to a function mySeries which then just calls Series with the "valid" arguments. This also allows options to be passed.

Options[mySeries] = Options[Series];
mySeries[expr_, limits__, opts : OptionsPattern[]] := Module[
  {finiteLimits = {limits} /. {_, _, \[Infinity]} :> Nothing},
  Series[expr, Sequence @@ finiteLimits, 
   Sequence @@ FilterRules[{opts}, Options[Series]]]

Taking the example for Assumptions from the documentation of Series:

mySeries[ArcCos[x], {x, 1, 1}, Assumptions -> (x > 1)]
(* SeriesData[x, 1, {Complex[0, 1] 2^Rational[1, 2]}, 1, 3, 2] *)
  • $\begingroup$ This is perfect! thank you! $\endgroup$
    – David
    Jul 10, 2020 at 19:39

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