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$\begingroup$

In order to let other users with Mathematica 12.x test this problem for me, I now use FileTemplate instead of Splice.

I want to splice (with FileTemplate) the following file that has been simplified for the sake of illustration purpose only.

% input.mtex
\documentclass[12pt]{article}

\usepackage{siunitx}

\usepackage{comment}

\begin{comment}
<* 
   students = {{"Andy", 2}, {"Bob", 3}, {"Cindy", 5}, {"David", 1}, {"Eve", 9}};
*>
\end{comment}


\begin{document}

\begin{enumerate}
<*
	StringTemplate["\\item `name` can run at \\SI{`speed`}{\\meter\\per\\second}."][<|"name" -> #[[1]], "speed" -> #[[2]]|>] & /@ students
*>
\end{enumerate}

\end{document}

The preamble of LaTeX document has been trimmed in the code that follow. It is just for simplicity.

Unexpected Output

\begin{enumerate}
{
	\item  can run at \SI{}{\meter\per\second}.[<|name -> Andy, speed -> 2|>], 
	\item  can run at \SI{}{\meter\per\second}.[<|name -> Bob, speed -> 3|>], 
	\item  can run at \SI{}{\meter\per\second}.[<|name -> Cindy, speed -> 5|>], 
	\item  can run at \SI{}{\meter\per\second}.[<|name -> David, speed -> 1|>], 
	\item  can run at \SI{}{\meter\per\second}.[<|name -> Eve, speed -> 9|>]
}
\end{enumerate}

Expected Output

\begin{enumerate}
    \item Andy can run at \SI{2}{\meter\per\second}.
    \item Bob can run at \SI{3}{\meter\per\second}.
    \item Cindy can run at \SI{5}{\meter\per\second}.
    \item David can run at \SI{1}{\meter\per\second}.
    \item Eve can run at \SI{9}{\meter\per\second}.
\end{enumerate}

Question

What is the proper way to splice it to get the expected output?


Update by Szabolcs:

The unexpected output seems to be due to the nesting of templates and can be reproduced with these smaller examples:

In[1]:= StringTemplate["x<* StringTemplate[\"a``b\"][123] *>y"][]
Out[1]= "xab[123]y"

In[2]:= TemplateApply[TemplateExpression[StringTemplate["a``b"][123]]]
Out[2]= "ab"[123]

Out[1] should be xa123by and Out[2] should be a123b.

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  • $\begingroup$ Is there any reason you don't want to use FileTemplate? Splice has been changed in 12.1. People who have 12.1 cannot even test this for you. $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    May 8, 2020 at 8:54
  • $\begingroup$ You failed to quote backslashes in strings. Can you fix that first please? $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    May 8, 2020 at 12:03
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @Szabolcs: Is there a better way to obtain the expected output than what I did above? Actually I don't like quoting the TeX contents as a string, especially with escape sequence double backslashes. Readability is the first priority. $\endgroup$ May 8, 2020 at 12:50
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ A more minimal example of the problem is the following: StringTemplate["<* StringTemplate[\"``\"][123] *>"][]. The output is "[123]". I would expect "123" (without the [ and ]). It must be somehow related to the nesting of templates ... $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    May 8, 2020 at 13:05
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ I am sorry, I give up ... I would say that this is either due to a bug (shouldn't happen) or nested templates are not supported (which should have been documented, and preferably protected against). Of course, it is a very reasonable question to ask how to splice the output into such a template of a TeX file. $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    May 8, 2020 at 13:17

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