# Minimize the equation

I solved a system of equation and get the result Sol

a = 1; b = 2; c = 3; d = 4;
eq1 = {a x + b y*c z - d m};
eq2 = {x y - y z - m m};
eq3 = {10 x - 3 y*c - a};
eq4 = {a m + c y};
eq = Join[eq1, eq2, eq3, eq4];
Sol = {x, y, z, m} /.
FindRoot[Thread[eq == 0], {{x, y, z, m}, {0, 0, 0, 0}} // Transpose]


Now, I want to solve this system of equation with the unknown e f g h and get the result SSol. Finally, Minimize[(SSol-Sol).(SSol-Sol),{e f g h}].

e = x1; f = x2; g = x3; h = x4;
eq5 = {e x + f y*g z - h m};
eq6 = {x y - y z - m m};
eq7 = {10 x - 3 y*g - e};
eq8 = {e m + g y};
eqs = Join[eq5, eq6, eq7, eq8]
SSol = {x, y, z, m} /.FindRoot[Thread[eqs == 0], {{x, y, z, m}, {0, 0, 0, 0}} //Transpose]
Z = (SSol - Sol).(SSol - Sol);
Minimize[Z, {e, f, g, h}]


My code can't work after eqs. Can someone help me fulfill my thought? I really appreciate your help.

• Welcome to MSE! What specifically doesn't work? What do you see, and how is this different from what you expect? Commented Apr 10, 2020 at 0:53
• I want to Minimize[(SSol - Sol).(SSol - Sol), {e, f, g, h}] . Sol is known and SSol is the solution of eqs in which e f g h are what I want to get.
– YzWu
Commented Apr 10, 2020 at 1:11

You can find minimum for all varialbles at once.

Conditions to Minimize take care that you only get variables that are soutions to both equations. Then the lowest minimum of scalar product of equations is zero.

min1 = Minimize[{eq.eqs, Join[Thread[eq == 0], Thread[eqs == 0]]}, {x,
y, z, m, e, f, g, h}];

min1 // N

(*    {0., {x -> 0.356498, y -> 0.284998, z -> -2.20848, m -> -0.854993,
e -> 1., f -> 0.1888, g -> 3., h -> 0.}}   *)


And here the other possible solution for {x,y,z,m} you found with FindRoot.

Minimize[{eq.eqs, Join[Thread[eq == 0], Thread[eqs == 0]], y < 0}, {x,
y, z, m, e, f, g, h}] // N

(*   {0., {x -> 0.0935022, y -> -0.00721976, z -> 0.15848, m -> 0.0216593,
e -> 1., f -> 27.2398, g -> 3., h -> 0.}}   *)


Solving for all solutions where minimum zero is reached, shows,h can be choosen free and 2 solutions sets for 0 < h < 4.31696 and only one above.

sol21 = Solve[
Thread[{e, f, g, h} > 0]], {x, y, z, m, e, f, g, h}];

sol21 // N

(*   {{x -> ConditionalExpression[0.0935022, 0. < h < 4.31696],
y -> ConditionalExpression[-0.00721976, 0. < h < 4.31696],
z -> ConditionalExpression[0.15848, 0. < h < 4.31696],
m -> ConditionalExpression[0.0216593, 0. < h < 4.31696],
e -> ConditionalExpression[1., 0. < h < 4.31696],
f -> ConditionalExpression[9.71092 (2.80507\[VeryThinSpace]- 0.649778 h), 0. < h < 4.31696],
g -> ConditionalExpression[3., 0. < h < 4.31696]},
{x -> ConditionalExpression[0.356498, h > 0.],
y -> ConditionalExpression[0.284998, h > 0.],
z -> ConditionalExpression[-2.20848, h > 0.],
m -> ConditionalExpression[-0.854993, h > 0.],
e -> ConditionalExpression[1., h > 0.],
f -> ConditionalExpression[0.0176532 (10.6949\[VeryThinSpace]+ 25.6498 h), h > 0.],
g -> ConditionalExpression[3., h > 0.]}}   *)

Plot[Evaluate[{x, y, z, m} /. sol21], {h, 0, 10},
PlotStyle -> {Red, Green, Blue, Magenta}]


Plot[Evaluate[{e, f, g, h} /. sol21], {h, 0, 10},
PlotStyle -> {Red, Green, Blue, Magenta}, PlotRange -> {0, 10}]


• Thank you very much.
– YzWu
Commented Apr 10, 2020 at 16:52