# How to use patterns to specify variable type as Boolean (True, False) in analogy to x_Integer, x_Real, x_Complex, x_List, etc

Say I define a function f[x_, y_]:= ..., the concrete definition of which is not important now.

What is important though is, that I want x to be a real number, and y to be a boolean variable, such that it can only have value True or False.

The former I can do by f[x_Real, y_]:= ..., such as described here in the help for "patterns", under "Specifying Types of Expression in Patterns".

However there does not seem to be an equivalent boolean type. Or at least, it is not simply y_Boolean.

Does anyone know how to do this? Thanks for suggestions!

• f[x_?NumericQ, y_?BooleanQ]:=... – Bob Hanlon Apr 8 at 17:00
• Looks like a good alternative to the answer of Henrik, thanks! – Britzel Apr 9 at 13:10

f[y : True | False] := ...

Beware that the pattern x_Real checks only whether the Head of x is equal to Real; it does not check whether x is a real number or not. For example, MatchQ[1, x_Real] returns False.
• @Hendrik Schumacher Works like a charm, thanks! Also thanks for the warning. I see what you mean. So how would I then for instance restrict x to be in the interval (0, 3), but where ideally I would also integers allowed to be entered? If this is not possible, then the restriction to the interval as float would do. – Britzel Apr 8 at 11:47
• Then try x_?(0<#<3)&. The _? pattern means that the pattern matches only if the function following it (here: (0<#<3)&) evaluates to True. – Henrik Schumacher Apr 8 at 11:50
• Oh, it was the closing parenthesis. Please try x_?(0<#<3&). – Henrik Schumacher Apr 8 at 15:05
• @Britzel "how would I then for instance restrict x to be in the interval $(0, 3)$, but where ideally I would also integers allowed to be entered" - you can use Condition for this: f[x_Integer /; 0 < x < 3] := (* stuff *). – J. M.'s technical difficulties May 16 at 8:16