I just experience the following problem (this is a MWE just to illustrate). First DateListPlot

v = RandomInteger[{1, 10}, 5];
t = Range[5]
ts = TimeSeries[v, {t}]


showTS[ts_, options_: OptionsPattern[]] := Module[{},
  DateListPlot[ts, FilterRules[options, Options[DateListPlot]]]


showTS[ts, {ImageSize -> Small}]

works fine. But

showSomething[f_, options_: OptionsPattern[]] := Module[{},
  Plot[f[x], {x, 0, 10}, FilterRules[options, Options[Plot]]]


showSomething[x^2, {ImageSize -> Medium}]

gives an error message:

"Plot: Options expected (instead of 
FilterRules[{ImageSize->Medium},Options[Plot]]) beyond position 2...."

I do not understand why? It is nearly the same code.


1 Answer 1


Let's compare the attributes of Plot and DateListPlot:



{HoldAll, Protected, ReadProtected}
{Protected, ReadProtected}

Unlike DateListPlot, Plot holds its arguments from evaluation. Here is a solution that solves your problem:

showSomething[f_, options_: OptionsPattern[]] := 
  Plot[f[x], {x, 0, 10}, 
   Evaluate@FilterRules[options, Options[Plot]]]]

(note I've added Evaluate). And here is a proper way to call your code - you need an pure function, not a formula:

showSomething[#^2 &, {ImageSize -> Medium}]

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ If you insist on typing formula as a parameter to showSomething, as opposed to a pure function, you would need to do more trickery with evaluation. $\endgroup$
    – Victor K.
    Mar 22, 2020 at 17:15
  • $\begingroup$ The main point is to force an evaluation with Evaluate[] of something that needs to be evaluated (e.g. FilterRules[]) inside a function with a HoldAll attribute. Thus: showSomething[f_, range_, opts : OptionsPattern[]] := Plot[f, range, Evaluate @ FilterRules[{opts}, Options[Plot]]] (note the arguments inside FilterRules[]!) and then you can do {showSomething[Sin[x], {x, 0, 2 π}, Frame -> True, PlotStyle -> Red], showSomething[Sin[x], x ∈ Interval[{0, 2 π}], Frame -> True, PlotStyle -> Red]}. $\endgroup$ Mar 23, 2020 at 5:03
  • $\begingroup$ @VictorK.: I should have seen this from the error message (but sometimes one does not see the obvious) - thank you for the fast answer. $\endgroup$
    – mgamer
    Mar 23, 2020 at 6:46

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