# Two “different” call of the same expression give two different results… why?

Consider the following code:

func1[x_]:=Sinc[x];

fourier1D[n_,Lperiodization_]=FourierCoefficient[func1[x],x, n,FourierParameters->{1,2*Pi/Lperiodization}];
L=10;

N[fourier1D[0, L]]
0.624146 + 0. I

N[FourierCoefficient[func1[x], x, 0,
FourierParameters -> {1, 2*Pi/L}]]
0.309986


Why when I call the function fourier1D it returns me a different result than when I call directly what is inside my function ?

All parameters are absolutely identical in the two different call. Where is the problem ?

I guess it is something obvious but I'm stuck on it for hours now...!

• use SetDelayed (:=) when you define fourier1D? – kglr Feb 10 '20 at 21:54
• = is not the same as := in fourier1D. What's happening is that that line is first evaluating the FourierCoefficient expression and then substituting in the values for n and Lperiodization. Apparently that gets a different branch cut than doing it directly? – eyorble Feb 10 '20 at 21:54
• @kglr the problem is that I really want to pre-compute the result so that the rest of my script is faster. What is the problem with the "=" here ? I don't see why this pre-affectation causes problem ? – StarBucK Feb 10 '20 at 22:01
• @StarBucK Because without exact values of n and L, FourierCoefficient can't pick smart branch cuts for your problem. Thus, it tries to generalize, but if you then apply the substitution and accidentally cross a discontinuity, the answer could be completely wrong. I'd trust the 0.309986 much more than the 0.624146 here. Using := prevents the pre-computation from making assumptions that later turn out to be unworkable. Save result after substitution, don't save it before. – eyorble Feb 10 '20 at 22:03
• @eyorble hmmm I see what you mean. The "problem" I have is that it saves me a lot of computational time to pre compute via the "=". Is there a way to tell mathematica to not do any assumption (like he reasons with Piecewise to avoid branchcutting as you say) ? I hope I am clear in my asking – StarBucK Feb 10 '20 at 22:05

Try Integrate:
fc = Abs[b/(2*Pi)]^((a + 1)/2)*