1
$\begingroup$

I have the following BVP: $-\Delta u = f \;\;\;\text{in}\;\Omega=(0,1)^{2}$

$u+\varepsilon\nabla u\cdot n = 0, \;\;\;\text{on}\;\partial\Omega$

where $f(x,y) = 2x(1-x) + 2y(1-y)$ and $\varepsilon>0$. I would like to use DSolve to obtain a solution but I'm not sure how to implement the BC, as all examples I've found so far only deal with pure Dirichlet or Neumann conditions. The Mathematica documentation states that NeumannCondition handles both Neumann and Robin BCs but I didn't see any examples that do it.

$\endgroup$
1
  • $\begingroup$ The first example in the Scope section of NeumannValue is a Robin bc (a generalized NeumannValue). Also note that your notion of the Robin bc is not quite correct: You needs the epsilon also in the equation or remove the epsilon from the Robin condition. See FEMDocumentation/tutorial/FiniteElementBestPractice#1529668360 that has an example of a DSolve and how it relates to NDSolve with Robin bcs. $\endgroup$ – user21 Feb 3 '20 at 7:04
3
$\begingroup$

Mathematica DSolve (V 12) can not solve this. You did not show your attempt. Here is what I tried.

ClearAll[x, y];
eps = 1;
L = 1; (*length of x side*)
H = 1; (*Length of y side*)
f = 2 x (1 - x) + 2 y (1 - y);
pde = -Laplacian[u[x, y], {x, y}] == f;
bc = {u[x, 0] + eps* Derivative[0, 1][u][x, 0] == 0,
   u[x, H] + eps* Derivative[0, 1][u][x, H] == 0,
   u[0, y] + eps* Derivative[1, 0][u][0, y] == 0,
   u[L, y] + eps* Derivative[1, 0][u][L, y] == 0
   };
DSolve[{pde, bc}, u[x, y], {x, y}, Assumptions -> {0 <= x <= L && 0 <= y <= H}]

But Maple 2019.2.1 can solve it

restart;
eps:=1;
L:=1;H:=1;
f:=2*x*(1 - x) + 2*y*(1 - y);
pde := diff(u(x,y),x$2)+diff(u(x,y),y$2)=-f;
bc:=u(x,0)+eps*D[2](u)(x,0)=0,
    u(x,H)+eps*D[2](u)(x,H)=0,
    u(0,y)+eps*D[1](u)(0,y)=0,
    u(L,y)+eps*D[1](u)(L,y)=0;
pdsolve([pde,bc],u(x,y)) assuming 0<=x , x<=L , 0<=y , y<=H

$$ u \left( x,y \right) =\sum _{n=1}^{\infty }4\,{\frac { \left( \pi\,n \cos \left( n\pi\,x \right) -\sin \left( n\pi\,x \right) \right) \left( \left( \left( \pi\,n+1 \right) ^{2} \left( -1 \right) ^{n}+{ \pi}^{2}{n}^{2}-1 \right) {{\rm e}^{-\pi\,n \left( y-2 \right) }}- \left( \pi\,n+1 \right) \left( \left( \pi\, \left( {y}^{2}-y+1 \right) n-2\,y+1 \right) \left( -1 \right) ^{n}-\pi\, \left( {y}^{2} -y-1 \right) n+2\,y-1 \right) {{\rm e}^{2\,\pi\,n}}+ \left( \left( - \pi\,n \left( -1 \right) ^{n}-\pi\,n+ \left( -1 \right) ^{n}-1 \right) {{\rm e}^{n\pi\,y}}+ \left( \pi\, \left( {y}^{2}-y+1 \right) n+2\,y-1 \right) \left( -1 \right) ^{n}-\pi\, \left( {y}^{2}-y-1 \right) n-2\,y+1 \right) \left( \pi\,n-1 \right) \right) }{{n}^{3}{ \pi}^{3} \left( {\pi}^{4}{{\rm e}^{2\,\pi\,n}}{n}^{4}-{\pi}^{4}{n}^{4} -{{\rm e}^{2\,\pi\,n}}+1 \right) }} $$

enter image description here

$\endgroup$
2
  • $\begingroup$ I want to know why MMA's ability of solving partial differentiation is not as good as maple's and when it can reach Maple's computing power... $\endgroup$ – A little mouse on the pampas Feb 2 '20 at 3:00
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @PleaseCorrectGrammarMistakes you had better chose method by hand , run ?DSolve`* to see some undocumented functions. $\endgroup$ – wuyudi Feb 2 '20 at 3:18

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.