# from a 4d array (3D coordinates + a binary marker) 3D plot only points marked '1'

I would like to identify certain regions on a 3D plot. For simplicity I will give the example of a sphere (but my goals is for arbitrary data): Having defined points on a sphere via

Table[If[i^2 + j^2 + z^2 <= 1, 1, 0], {i, -2, 2, 0.1}, {j, -2, 2,
0.1}, {z, -2, 2, 0.1}]


I wish to plot all points marked with a 1 (in this case a sphere) on a 3D graph. This is a simple example, but in general I will have data similar to the above: a 1 for a point I wish to mark on a 3D plot, zero for a point I don't.

What would be the best way to make such a graphic?

One idea so far is: I scan the data for points marked with 1 (as opposed to 0) and create an entry in a new array {ip,jp,kp}, where these are the coordinates of the point marked by 1. I then proceed to use ListPointPlot3D[] for the new array created. Not exactly sure how to implement this in practice however... or if there is a more elegant way..

table = Table[If[i^2 + j^2 + z^2 <= 1, 1, 0], {i, -2, 2, 0.1}, {j, -2, 2,
0.1}, {z, -2, 2, 0.1}];


If you want to get the 3D coordinates from positions of 1 in table you can use Position

coords1 = Position[table, 1];

ListPointPlot3D[coords1, BoxRatios -> 1] Alternatively, you can make table a SparseArray and use the property "NonzeroPositions":

coords2 = SparseArray[table]["NonzeroPositions"];

coords1 == coords2


True

Instead of using 1 and 0 to mark your selected points, you could instead directly generate the point triple that satisfies your condition, and use Nothing otherwise. For example:

ListPointPlot3D[Flatten[Table[If[i^2 + j^2 + z^2 <= 1, {i, j, z}, Nothing],
{i, -2, 2, 0.1}, {j, -2, 2, 0.1}, {z, -2, 2, 0.1}], 2],
BoxRatios -> Automatic] Here, Flatten[] tidies everything up at the end so that only a list of triples is passed to ListPointPlot3D[].

Pick might help. Also, here a way to perform everything a bit more efficiently (because this uses packed arrays).

pts = Tuples[ConstantArray[Subdivide[-2., 2., 40], 3]];
boole = UnitStep@Subtract[1., Dot[pts^2, ConstantArray[1., 3]]];
Graphics3D[Point[Pick[pts, boole, 1]]]


This uses the coordinates from the list pts to place the points in $$\mathbb{R}^3$$. If you prefer to plot the integer positions, you can use, well, Position (and ArrayReshape):

Graphics3D[Point[Position[ArrayReshape[boole, {41, 41, 41}], 1]]]


The you input tensor, this work without ArrayReshape:

boole2 = Table[
If[i^2 + j^2 + z^2 <= 1, 1, 0],
{i, -2, 2, 0.1}, {j, -2, 2, 0.1}, {z, -2, 2, 0.1}];
Graphics3D[Point[Position[boole2, 1]]]

• Here's another way to generate pts: pts = Flatten[CoordinateBoundsArray[ConstantArray[{-2., 2.}, 3], Into], 2]; this also produces a packed array. – J. M.'s technical difficulties Jan 25 at 22:32
• Wow, CoordinateBoundsArray is part of the language since 2015 and I haven't heard about it, yet. oO And Into is not even documented. Interesting. Thank you! And I hope you are well! – Henrik Schumacher Jan 25 at 23:13
• Yes, it's really nifty for generating an nD grid of points. I'm swamped with a lot of stuff, but I am more or less okay. Thanks for the well-wishes. – J. M.'s technical difficulties Jan 26 at 11:43