# How to put a loop in a loop

I am doing some work with black-scholes. As commented within my code, I need my while loop to run 100 times. I am not sure if the best way to do this is with a nested argument or placing a for loop or another while within the while already.

dt = .0001;
mu = 0;
gamma = .005;
t = .0833;
i = t/dt;
random = RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[0, dt^.5], 10^2];
Z = Table[0, 10^2 + 1];
Z[] = .0158;
i = 2;
While[i <= 834,
Z[[i]] = Z[[i - 1]] + mu*dt + (gamma)*random[[i - 1]];
i++
];
(*have to make this loop 100 times*)
ListPlot[Z, DataRange -> {0, 100*dt}, PlotRange -> All];
Print[Z];


Define random using SetDelayed so that each time it is used it gives a different random vector:

lngth = 834;
rndm := RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[0, dt^.5], lngth - 1]


Instead of using a loop you can use

Prepend[Accumulate[rndm] gamma + mu dt + .0158, .0158]


to get a random vector of length 834.

You can use the above with Table to generate as many random vectors as you like:

k = 20;
SeedRandom
W = Table[Prepend[Accumulate[rndm] gamma + mu dt + .0158, .0158], k];


Visualize:

ListLinePlot[W,
DataRange -> {0, lngth  dt},
ImageSize -> Large,
PlotLegends -> Range] SeedRandom
k = 200;
W = Table[Prepend[Accumulate[rndm] gamma + mu dt + .0158, .0158], k];
ListLinePlot[W, DataRange -> {0,  lngth dt}, ImageSize -> Large,
PlotStyle -> Opacity[.25]] • The graph is really beautiful but the the outputted W is not correct. It is supposed to give a list of 100X834. I am assuming K is influencing the list length, but even when I change K I do not get the correct dimensions. How do I fix this? Dec 20, 2019 at 17:41
• @sabrina, updated with a correction; now W is a 100X834 random matrix.
– kglr
Dec 24, 2019 at 0:18