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I have a function which depends on more than 30 parameters and I want to symbolically compute the derivatives with respect to the individual parameters.

From the documentation of the D operator I got the impression that I have to explicitly mention all parameters in the function definition. Is there a way around it? That is, is it possible to take the derivative of a function which is an expression of another symbol, which doesn't appear in the function signature?

If not, is there a way to write the function parameter list on multiple lines, for example like this:

Foo[(* These parameters describe... *)
     x11, y12, z13,
    (* And these parameters describe.... *)
     x21, y22, y23,
    (* Many more parameters... *)] := (* Function implementation... *)
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  • $\begingroup$ Have you looked at the Dt[] function? $\endgroup$ – Somos Oct 31 '19 at 19:19
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Clear["Global`*"]

Define the variables using an indexed variable

n = 3; (* change as desired *)

var = Array[x, n];

Define the function

Evaluate[f @@ var] = Sqrt[Total@var^2]

(* Sqrt[(x[1] + x[2] + x[3])^2] *)

Taking the partial derivatives

enter image description here

D[f @@ var, Sequence @@ var]

(* (3 (x[1] + x[2] + x[3])^3)/((x[1] + x[2] + x[3])^2)^(5/2) - (
 3 (x[1] + x[2] + x[3]))/((x[1] + x[2] + x[3])^2)^(3/2) *)

or for a vector derivative

enter image description here

D[f @@ var, {var}]

(* {(x[1] + x[2] + x[3])/Sqrt[(x[1] + x[2] + x[3])^2], (
 x[1] + x[2] + x[3])/Sqrt[(x[1] + x[2] + x[3])^2], (
 x[1] + x[2] + x[3])/Sqrt[(x[1] + x[2] + x[3])^2]} *)
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